Urban Sprawl and Public Health

Urban Sprawl and Public Health

Author: Howard Frumkin

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1559633050

Category: House & Home

Page: 366

View: 774

'Urban Sprawl and Public Health' offers a survey of the impact that the built environment can have on the health of the people who inhabit our cities. The authors go on to suggest ways in which the design of cities could be improved & have a positive impact on the well-being of their citizens.

Encyclopedia of Health Services Research

Encyclopedia of Health Services Research

Author: Ross M. Mullner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412951791

Category: Medical

Page: 1457

View: 204

Within two volumes, more than 400 signed entries and their associated bibliographies and recommended readings authoritatively cover issues in both the historical and contemporary context of health services research.

Integrating Human Health into Urban and Transport Planning

Integrating Human Health into Urban and Transport Planning

Author: Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319749839

Category: Medical

Page: 734

View: 840

This volume brings together the world’s leading experts on urban and transport planning, environmental exposures, physical activity, health and health impact assessment to discuss challenges and solutions in cities. The book provides a conceptual framework and work program for actions and outlines future research needs. It presents the current evidence-base, the benefits of and numerous case studies on integrating health and the environment into urban development and transport planning. Within cities there is a considerable variation in the levels of environmental exposures such as ambient air pollution, noise, and temperature, green space availability and physical activity. Many of these exposures, and their adverse health impacts, are related to and are being exacerbated by urban and transport planning and policy. Emerging research suggests that urban and transport planning indicators such as road network, distance to major roads, traffic density, household density, industry, and natural and green space can explain a large proportion of the variability in environmental exposures and therefore represent important and highly modifiable factors. The urban environment is a complex interlinked system. Decision-makers need not only better data on the complexity of factors in environmental and developmental processes affecting human health, but also an enhanced understanding of the linkages between these factors and health effects to determine at which level to target their actions most effectively. In recent years, there also has been a shift from trying to change at the national level to more comprehensive and ambitious actions being developed and implemented at the regional and local levels. Cities have come to the forefront of providing solutions for environmental issues such as climate change, which has co-benefits for health, but yet need better knowledge for wider health-centric action. This book provides the latest and most up-to-date information and studies for academics and practitioners alike.

The Social Impacts of Urban Containment

The Social Impacts of Urban Containment

Author: Arthur C. Nelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317015673

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 107

One of the policies that has been most widely used to try to limit urban sprawl has been that of urban containment. These policies are planning controls limiting the growth of cities in an attempt to preserve open rural uses, such as habitat, agriculture and forestry, in urban regions. While there has been a substantial amount of research into these urban containment policies, most have focused on issues of land use, consumption, transportation impacts or economic development issues. This book examines the effects of urban containment policies on key social issues, such as housing, wealth building and creation, racial segregation and gentrification. It argues that, while the policies make important contributions to environmental sustainability, they also affect affordability for all the economic groups of citizens aside from the most wealthy. However, it also puts forward suggestions for revising such policies to counter these possible negative social impacts. As such, it will be valuable reading for scholars of environmental planning, social policy and regional development, as well as for policy makers.

Cities and the Health of the Public

Cities and the Health of the Public

Author: Nicholas Freudenberg

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106018545407

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 490

The essays commissioned for this book analyze the impact of city living on health, focusing primarily on conditions in the United States. With 16 chapters by 24 internationally recognized experts, the book introduces an ecological approach to the study of the health of urban populations. This book assesses the primary determinants of well-being in cities, including the social and physical environments, diet, and health care and social services. The book includes chapters on the history of public health in cities, the impact of urban sprawl and urban renewal on health, and the challenges facing cities in the developing world. It also examines conditions such as infectious diseases, violence and disasters, and mental illness.

The Built Environment and Public Health

The Built Environment and Public Health

Author: Russell P. Lopez

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470620038

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 273

THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH The Built Environment and Public Health explores the impact on our health of the environments we build for ourselves, and how public health and urban planning can work together to build settings that promote healthy living. This comprehensive text covers origins and foundations of the built environment as a public health focus and its joint history with urban planning, transportation and land use, infrastructure and natural disasters, assessment tools, indoor air quality, water quality, food security, health disparities, mental health, social capital, and environmental justice. The Built Environment and Public Health explores such timely issues as Basics of the built environment and evidence for its influences How urban planning and public health intersect How infrastructure improvements can address chronic diseases and conditions Meeting the challenges of natural disasters Policies to promote walking and mass transit Approaches to assess and improve air quality and our water supply Policies that improve food security and change how Americans get their food How the built environment can address needs of vulnerable populations Evidence-based design practices for hospitals and health care facilities Mental health, stressors, and health care environments Theories and programs to improve social capital of low-income communities How the built environment addresses issues of health equity and environmental justice This important textbook and resource includes chapter learning objectives, summaries, questions for discussion, and listings of key terms. Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/lopez

Environmental Health

Environmental Health

Author: Howard Frumkin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118988077

Category: Medical

Page: 896

View: 156

The bestselling environmental health text, with all new coverage of key topics Environmental Health: From Global to Local is a comprehensive introduction to the subject, and a contemporary, authoritative text for students of public health, environmental health, preventive medicine, community health, and environmental studies. Edited by the former director of the CDC's National Center for Environmental Health and current dean of the School of Public Health at the University of Washington, this book provides a multi-faceted view of the topic, and how it affects different regions, populations, and professions. In addition to traditional environmental health topics—air, water, chemical toxins, radiation, pest control—it offers remarkably broad, cross-cutting coverage, including such topics as building design, urban and regional planning, energy, transportation, disaster preparedness and response, climate change, and environmental psychology. This new third edition maintains its strong grounding in evidence, and has been revised for greater readability, with new coverage of ecology, sustainability, and vulnerable populations, with integrated coverage of policy issues, and with a more global focus. Environmental health is a critically important topic, and it reaches into fields as diverse as communications, technology, regulatory policy, medicine, and law. This book is a well-rounded guide that addresses the field's most pressing concerns, with a practical bent that takes the material beyond theory. Explore the cross-discipline manifestations of environmental health Understand the global ramifications of population and climate change Learn how environmental issues affect health and well-being closer to home Discover how different fields incorporate environmental health perspectives The first law of ecology reminds is that 'everything is connected to everything else.' Each piece of the system affects the whole, and the whole must sustain us all for the long term. Environmental Health lays out the facts, makes the connections, and demonstrates the importance of these crucial issues to human health and well-being, both on a global scale, and in our homes, workplaces, and neighborhoods.

Environmental Psychology and Human Well-Being

Environmental Psychology and Human Well-Being

Author: Ann Sloan Devlin

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128114827

Category: Psychology

Page: 482

View: 312

Environmental Psychology and Human Well-Being: Effects of Built and Natural Settings provides a better understanding of the way in which mental and physical well-being is affected by physical environments, along with insights into how the design of these environments might be improved to support better health outcomes. The book reviews the history of the field, discusses theoretical constructs in guiding research and design, and provides an up-to-date survey of research findings. Core psychological constructs, such as personal space, territoriality, privacy, resilience, stress, and more are integrated into each environment covered. Provides research-based insight into how an environment can impact mental and physical health and well-being Integrates core psychological constructs, such as coping, place attachment, social support, and perceived control into each environment discussed Includes discussion of Kaplan's Attention Restoration Theory and Ulrich's Stress Reduction Theory Covers educational settings, workplace settings, environments for active living, housing for the elderly, natural settings, correctional facilities, and more

Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, No.3, Vol.1, 2019

Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, No.3, Vol.1, 2019

Author: HUAQING WANG, Dr., GALEN NEWMAN, Dr., ZHIFANG WANG, Dr.

Publisher: Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs

ISBN:

Category: Architecture

Page: 213

View: 703

Urban Planning as an Extension of War Planning The Case of Shenyang, China, 1898-1966 HUAQING WANG, Dr., GALEN NEWMAN, Dr., ZHIFANG WANG, Dr. 1-12 PDF HTML Evaluating Staff Perceptions of Supportive Healing Environment in Healthcare Facilities PATRICK CHUKWUEMEKE UWAJEH, Dr., IKENNA STEPHEN EZENNIA, Ph.D. candidate 13-25 PDF HTML From Zoning Based Area To A Hybrid Space; The Transformation Strategies FARHAN ABDULLAH ALI, Dr. 26-37 PDF HTML The Role Of Urban Density And Morphology In The Air Pollution Of Tehran Metropolitan ROUHOLLAH OSHRIEH, Ph.D. candidate, EHSAN VALIPOUR, Dr. 38-43 PDF HTML Urban Sprawl Negative Impact: Enkomi Return Phase KAMYAR FULADLU, Dr. 44-51 PDF HTML Economic Diversification and the Urban Image; Changing the Narrative on Street Vending MUHAMMAD K BALARABE, Ph.D. Candidate, ABDULSALAM SHEMA IBRAHIM, Ph.D. Candidate, MARYAM AHMAD, M.Sc. 52-61 PDF HTML Environmental Regulations and Rules: United Nations Perspective and the Nigeria Experience FASHUYI OLUGBENGA, Dr. 62-66 PDF HTML Evaluation of the Sustainable Aspects In Housing Sector To Overcome Housing Stress In Northern Iraq RAHEL MOHAMMED AMIN, M.Sc., SALAR SALAH MUHY AL-DIN, Dr. 67-81 PDF HTML Access to Land Influencing the Urban Development of Egypt MOHAMED RASLAN, Dr., HANY AYYAD, Dr. 82-91 PDF HTML Learning from Resilience: Cities towards a Self-Organizing System CEMALIYE EKEN, Ph.D. candidate 92-103 PDF HTML Impact of A Community Place in Regards to Sustainable Design towards Decreasing Social Crime Nadereh Afzhool, M.A. 104-108 PDF HTML Effects of Architectural and Urban Design Project Competitions on Built Environment and New Discourses Brought Thereby OSMAN UMIT Sirel, M.Sc., AYSE SIREL, Dr., BURAK TURSOY, M.Sc. 109-120 PDF HTML Cultural landscape devastation as a consequence of poor Sustainable Urban Development practice Case study: Kostanjica, Boka Bay, Montenegro KOSARA KUJUNDZIC, Ph.D. Candidate, SLAVICA STAMATOVIC VUCKOVIC, Dr. 121-131 PDF HTML Urban Rights and Sustainability in Latin-America: First Steps towards Urban Justice Operationalization Javier Alonso Gómez Dávila, Dr. 132-142 PDF HTML Evaluating Gender Based Behavior in Historical Urban Public Place Case study: Grand Bazaar, Kerman, Iran Ph. D Candidate. Aida Jalalkamali , MA. Elham Anjomshoa 143-153 PDF HTML Establishment of Space syntax to read and analyze urban network; the case of study, Famagusta city of Cyprus EHSAN VALIPOUR, Dr., ABDOLLAH MOBARAKI, Ph.D. candidate, MOJDEH NIKOOFAM, Ph.D. candidate, SAMIRA TAYYEBISOUDKOLAEI, BSc 154-160 PDF HTML Concomitant Recital of a Prolonged Reign: Dilation of the Dutch Empire and Enticement of Ascendency, Delineating Batavia, Victim and Valedictorian SIEPAN KHALIL, B.A., PAKINAM ZEID, B.A. 161-174 PDF HTML Visual pollution phenomena and sensitivity of residences in heritage city centers Case of: Old district of Manama city, Kingdom of Bahrain ISLAM H. EL-GHONAIMY, Dr. 175-190 PDF HTML The Effects of Built Environment Landscaping on Site Security: Reviews on Selected Shopping Centers in Istanbul Gökçen Firdevs Yücel Caymaz 191-201 PDF HTML

Obesity Epidemiology

Obesity Epidemiology

Author: Frank Hu

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199718474

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 510

During the past twenty years there has been a dramatic increase in obesity in the United States. An estimated thirty percent of adults in the US are obese; in 1980, only fifteen percent were. The issue is gaining greater attention with the CDC and with the public health world in general. This book will offer practical information about the methodology of epidemiologic studies of obesity, suitable for graduate students and researchers in epidemiology, and public health practitioners with an interest in the issue. The book will be structured in four main sections, with the majority of chapters authored by Dr. Hu, and some authored by specialists in specific areas. The first section will consider issues surrounding the definition of obesity, measurement techniques, and the designs of epidemiologic studies. The second section will address the consequences of obesity, looking at epidemiologic studies that focus on cardio-vascular disease, diabetes, and cancer The third section will look at determinants obesity, reviewing a wide range of risk factors for obesity including diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviors, sleep disorders, psychosocial factors, physical environment, biochemical and genetic predictors, and intrauterine exposures. In the final section, the author will discuss the analytical issues and challenges for epidemiologic studies of obesity.