Using American and British systems as points of comparison, this study depicts the history of public health as an interplay between the internal development of ideas and practices in public health and medicine and the larger social, political, and economic environment.
This far-reaching volume analyzes the social, cultural, political, and economic factors contributing to mental health issues and shaping treatment options in the Asian and Pacific world. Multiple lenses examine complex experiences and needs in this vast region, identifying not only cultural issues at the individual and collective levels, but also the impacts of colonial history, effects of war and disasters, and the current climate of globalization on mental illness and its care. These concerns are located in the larger context of physical health and its determinants, worldwide goals such as reducing global poverty, and the evolving mental health response to meet rising challenges affecting the diverse populations of the region. Chapters focus on countries in East, Southeast, and South Asia plus Oceania and Australia, describing: · National history of psychiatry and its acceptance. · Present-day mental health practice and services. · Mental/physical health impact of recent social change. · Disparities in accessibility, service delivery, and quality of care. · Collaborations with indigenous and community approaches to healing. · Current mental health resources, the state of policy, and areas for intervention. A welcome addition to the global health literature, Mental Health in Asia and the Pacific brings historical depth and present-day insight to practitioners providing services in this diverse area of the world as well as researchers and policymakers studying the region.
The Asia-Pacific region has not only the greatest concentration of population but is, arguably, the future economic centre of the world. Epidemiological transition in the region is occurring much faster than it did in the West and many countries face the emerging problem of chronic diseases at the same time as they continue to grapple with communicable diseases. This book explores how disease patterns and health problems in Asia and the Pacific, and collective responses to them, have been shaped over time by cultural, economic, social, demographic, environmental and political factors. With fourteen chapters, each devoted to a country in the region, the authors take a comparative and historical approach to the evolution of public health and preventive medicine, and offer a broader understanding of the links in a globalizing world between health on the one hand and culture, economy, polity and society on the other. Public Health in Asia and the Pacific presents the importance of the non-medical context in the history of human disease, as well as the significance of disease in the larger histories of the region. It will appeal to scholars and policy makers in the fields of public health, the history of medicine, and those with a wider interest in the Asia-Pacific region.
The book analyses how policies to prevent diseases are related to policies aiming to cure illnesses. It does this by conducting a comparative historical analysis of Australia, Germany, Switzerland, the UK, and the US. It also demonstrates how the politicization of the medical profession contributes to the success of preventative health policy. The book argues that two factors lead to a close relationship of curative and preventative elements in health policies and institutions: a strong national government that possesses a wide range of control over subnational levels of government, and whether professional organizations (especially the medical profession) perceive preventative and non-medical health policy as important and campaign for it politically. The book provides a historical and comparative narrative to substantiate this claim empirically.
With in-depth analysis of more than fifteen countries, this volume examines the impact of the double disease burden on health care regimes, resource allocation, strategies for prevention and control on the wealthiest nations in the region, as well as the smallest Pacific islands. Milton Lewis, University of Sydney.
Health Education: Critical perspectives provides a socio-cultural and critical approach to health education. The book draws together international experts in the fields of health and education who deconstruct contemporary discourses and practices, and re-imagine a health education that both connects with young people and offers a way forward in addressing issues of health and wellbeing. Chapters within specifically link academic work on neoliberalism, healthism, risk and the body to wider discourses of health and health education. They challenge current practices and call for a re-thinking of current health programs in education settings. A unique feature of this book is the analyses of health education from both political and applied levels across a range of international contexts. The book is divided into three sections: the social and political contexts informing health education how individual health issues (sexuality, alcohol, mental health, the body and obesity, nutrition) articulate in education in complex ways alternative ways to think about health and health education pedagogy. The overall theme of the book offers a perspective that the current approach to health education – promoting a fear of ill health, self-surveillance and individual responsibility – can become a form of health fascism, and we need to be cognisant of this potential and its consequences for young people. The book will be of key interest to academics and researchers exploring the political context of health education.
This book explores the social history of venereal disease and public health in New Zealand in the twentieth-century by re-evaluating existing international scholarship on disease control and issues of morality. By using untapped archival material, this case study highlights the wider importance in international research into the interception of health agencies and targeted groups and the impact of gender, race and class on the venereal disease debate.
The Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health is the ultimate resource on the subject of public health and epidemiology. It offers a global and comprehensive perspective on wide-ranging public health needs and priorities in modern health care. Thoroughly revised and updated for the seventh edition, the book is split into three main topics. 'The Scope of Public Health' covers the development of the discipline, determinants of health and disease, and policies, law, and ethics. The second volume focuses on The Methods of Public Health, including the science of epidemiology, social science techniques, and environmental techniques. Finally, The Practice of Public Health is fully explored, with sections on specific public health problems, ways of prevention and control, the varying needs of different populations, and the functions of public health services and professionals. Three new editors have joined for this edition, Liming Li (China), Fran Baum (Australia), and Alastair H Leyland (UK), complimenting Quarraisha Abdool Karim (South Africa) and Roger Detels (USA), for a truly global perspective on public health. Featuring over 225 contributors from countries all over the world ensures that the book covers public health from all aspects, with vastly different health systems and priorities. Featuring new chapters on gender identity and gender-based violence, environmental health and climate change, genomics and epidemiology, and emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, the seventh edition of the Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health remains the most comprehensive text on the subject and is a vital resource for public health practitioners and trainees, clinical epidemiologists, and students in the field.
Looks at the connection between trade and disease, tracing the plagues that swept through Eurasia in the fourteenth century and exposes the weaknesses in the current public health system that make our world susceptible to a pandemic.