The Current Role of Geological Mapping in Geosciences

The Current Role of Geological Mapping in Geosciences

Author: Stanislaw R. Ostaficzuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035517

Category: Science

Page: 289

View: 221

The book contains private views of experts from various countries on the role of geological mapping in sustainable development. New technologies and concepts are presented, which are either awaiting for recognition by Geological Surveys, or are gradually applied in some survey. The target of the book is well worded in the "Summary and recommendations" elaborated by the Ad Hoc Committee at the Advanced Research Workshop on Innovative Geological Cartography, held under NATO sponsorship in Poland in November 2003. After the "Summaries" were issued by the end of 2003, the authors who presented their views at the Workshop, gave a revised version of their papers with more new ideas and material. Generally, the book is addressed to cartographers in Geological Surveys, geologists and geographers co-operating with landuse planners, ecologists and decision makers, who may learn about the state-of-the-art and the enormous information potential of the modern information technologies in Geosciences. The book, however, gives no methodological recipes but, as it was the authors' intention, may and shall be used as a guide-book in modernizing Information Technologies at the local, regional and national levels in Geosciences.

The Changing Role of Geological Surveys

The Changing Role of Geological Surveys

Author: P.R. Hill

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781786204769

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 883

Senior managers and Heads of Geological Survey Organizations (GSOs) from around the world have contributed a collection of papers to provide a benchmark on how GSOs are responding to national and international needs in a rapidly changing world. GSOs continue to provide key scientific information about Earth systems, natural hazards and climate change. As countries adopt sustainable development principles and the public increasingly turns to social media to find information about resource and environmental issues, the generation and communication of Earth science knowledge become increasingly important. This volume provides a snapshot of how GSOs are adapting their activities to this changing world. The different national perspectives presented converge around several common themes related to resources, environment and big data. Climate change and the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals provide an increased incentive for GSOs of the world to work in harmony, to generate knowledge of Earth systems and to provide solutions for sustainable management of the planet.

Springer Handbook of Geographic Information

Springer Handbook of Geographic Information

Author: Wolfgang Kresse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540726807

Category: Science

Page: 1120

View: 746

Computer science provides a powerful tool that was virtually unknown three generations ago. Some of the classical fields of knowledge are geodesy (surveying), cartography, and geography. Electronics have revolutionized geodetic methods. Cartography has faced the dominance of the computer that results in simplified cartographic products. All three fields make use of basic components such as the Internet and databases. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is organized in three parts, Basics, Geographic Information and Applications. Some parts of the basics belong to the larger field of computer science. However, the reader gets a comprehensive view on geographic information because the topics selected from computer science have a close relation to geographic information. The Springer Handbook of Geographic Information is written for scientists at universities and industry as well as advanced and PhD students.

Stratigraphy and Geology of Volcanic Areas

Stratigraphy and Geology of Volcanic Areas

Author: Gianluca Groppelli

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 9780813724645

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 776

Accompanying CD-ROM, entitled Supplementary materials to Stratigraphy and geology of volcanic areas, includes three geologic maps in Adobe Acrobat PDF files.

Geoscience Information

Geoscience Information

Author: A.P. Harvey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UCAL:B4143685

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 736

The International Conference on Geological Information represents the first major attempt to bring together geoscience information specialists from allover the world. The purpose of the conference was to assess the current state-of the-art in geoscience information from both the regional and functional point of view. It was hoped that the conference could take steps to bring about increased international cooperation and collaboration in the field of geological information. The papers ranged over the whole spec trum of documentation from primary publishing back to the user, including data. Perhaps a keyword for the conference might be "cooperation". The idea of, and need for, cooperation was stressed in almost every talk. The final panel session was devoted to a discussion on the formation of a proposed International Association for Geological Information. Despite the growing pressure on information managers, stimulated by increasing international activities in geology, the global perspective of plate tectonics and worldwide concern for the availability of non-renewable resources, there does not exist an international organisation specifi cally concerned with geological information. Delegates agreed that there was no need for a new professional society of individuals but that a federation or similar organisation might be desirable. In the final session it became apparent that if the geological information community is to make the best use of all the systems and developments available there is very clearly a need to know what exists in all these areas at present. An urgent task is to identify these systems.

Recent Research on Engineering Geology and Geological Engineering

Recent Research on Engineering Geology and Geological Engineering

Author: Janusz Wasowski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030020323

Category: Science

Page: 162

View: 813

The ongoing population growth is resulting in rapid urbanization, new infrastructure development and increasing demand for the Earth's natural resources (e.g., water, oil/gas, minerals). This, together with the current climate change and increasing impact of natural hazards, imply that the engineering geology profession is called upon to respond to new challenges. It is recognized that these challenges are particularly relevant in the developing and newly industrialized regions.The idea beyond this Volume is to highlight the role of engineering geology and geological engineering in fostering sustainable use of the Earth's resources, smart urbanization and infrastructure protection from geohazards. We selected 19 contributions from across the globe (16 countries, five continents), which cover a wide spectrum of applied interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research, from geology to engineering. By illustrating a series of practical case studies, the Volume offers a rather unique opportunity to share the experiences of engineering geologists and geological engineers who tackle complex problems working in different environmental and social settings. The specific topics addressed by the papers included in the Volume are the following: pre-design site investigations; physical and mechanical properties of engineering soils; novel, affordable sensing technologies for long-term geotechnical monitoring of engineering structures; slope stability assessments and monitoring in active open-cast mines; control of environmental impacts and hazards posed by abandoned coal mines; assessment of and protection from geohazards (landslides, ground fracturing, coastal erosion); applications of geophysical surveying to investigate active faults and ground instability; numerical modeling of seabed deformations related to active faulting; deep geological repositories and waste disposal; aquifer assessment based on the integrated hydrogeological and geophysical investigation; use of remote sensing and GIS tools for the detection of environmental hazards and mapping of surface geology.

A Scenario for Systems Geology

A Scenario for Systems Geology

Author: T. V. Loudon

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 147815828X

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 504

A Scenario for Systems Geology E-scientists have set out a compelling vision of a more coherent and comprehensive representation of knowledge, potentially incorporating the geologists' holistic view of the Earth. This scenario addresses the question: How can geoscientists best react to this opportunity? The scenario describes the background of an emerging geoscience knowledge system and possible radical transformation of the geological map. It discusses concepts and methods for bringing geological information into a whole Earth knowledge 'system' (set of interacting parts that function as a whole), appropriately rebased on a cyberinfrastructure of computing, communication and information technologies. It suggests an outcome that seems feasible now, and is open to change as we learn more: a coordinated, global system, where many familiar boundaries become irrelevant, where geologists share their knowledge more widely and efficiently, expressed more rigorously, precisely and comprehensively. Such a system could involve a set of interoperable geological models and databases, integrated with mutually reinforcing techniques from geoinformatics, harmonised with legacy systems, human thought processes and geological thinking, and designed to respond flexibly to user needs. We hope that by exposing evolving ideas to discussion and criticism, uncertainties may be revealed and investigated, benefits and hazards may be identified, pointers for future development and collaboration suggested, and the concepts modified and improved. Drawn from a wide range of sources, this book will be of interest to professional geologists, specialists in related fields such as geography or ecology, and those charged with developing the cyberinfrastructure for environmental sciences and their applications. It is designed for reading, browsing or reference. It is available as a free pdf download at www.bgs.ac.uk/systemsgeology, as a low-cost paperback in black and white or in the full colour edition, and as a reflowable version for mobile devices.

Elevation Models for Geoscience

Elevation Models for Geoscience

Author: Cory Fleming

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 1862393133

Category: Science

Page: 158

View: 806

Elevation data are a critical element in most geoscience applications. From geological mapping to modelling Earth systems and processes geologists need to understand the shape of the Earth's surface. Vast amounts of digital elevation data exist, from large-scale global to smaller scale regional datasets, and many datasets have been merged to improve scale and accuracy. For each application, decisions are made on which elevation data to use driven by cost, resolution and accuracy. This publication shows the current status of available digital elevation data and illustrates the key applications. The types of data assessed include: ASTER stereo satellite imagery, Shuttle Radar Topographic Mapping data, airborne laser and radar such as NEXTMap, and Multibeam Bathymetry. Applications covered include: glacial deposits, landslides, coastal erosion and other geological hazards. Technical issues discussed include: accuracy analysis, derived product creation, software comparisons and copyright considerations. This volume is a comprehensive look at elevation models for geoscience.