Science, Music, And Mathematics: The Deepest Connections

Science, Music, And Mathematics: The Deepest Connections

Author: Michael Edgeworth Mcintyre

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789811240751

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

View: 206

Professor Michael Edgeworth McIntyre is an eminent scientist who has also had a part-time career as a musician. From a lifetime's thinking, he offers this extraordinary synthesis exposing the deepest connections between science, music, and mathematics, while avoiding equations and technical jargon. He begins with perception psychology and the dichotomization instinct and then takes us through biological evolution, human language, and acausality illusions all the way to the climate crisis and the weaponization of the social media, and beyond that into the deepest parts of theoretical physics — demonstrating our unconscious mathematical abilities.He also has an important message of hope for the future. Contrary to popular belief, biological evolution has given us not only the nastiest, but also the most compassionate and cooperative parts of human nature. This insight comes from recognizing that biological evolution is more than a simple competition between selfish genes. Rather, he suggests, in some ways it is more like turbulent fluid flow, a complex process spanning a vast range of timescales.Professor McIntyre is a Fellow of the Royal Society of London (FRS) and has worked on problems as diverse as the Sun's magnetic interior, the Antarctic ozone hole, jet streams in the atmosphere, and the psychophysics of violin sound. He has long been interested in how different branches of science can better communicate with each other and with the public, harnessing aspects of neuroscience and psychology that point toward the deep 'lucidity principles' that underlie skilful communication.

Science, Music, and Mathematics: The Deepest Connections

Science, Music, and Mathematics: The Deepest Connections

Author: Michael Edgeworth McIntyre

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9811240736

Category: Mathematics

Page: 120

View: 645

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has been one of the world's most dynamic and fastest-growing regions over the years. Its average combined GDP growth rate is more than 6% and the total combined GDP was valued at US$3.0 trillion in 2018. ASEAN countries have managed to significantly reduce their national poverty over the last few decades. Although a correlation exists between economic growth and poverty reduction, millions of people in ASEAN countries still do not have sufficient incomes to fulfill their basic needs including food, shelter, clothes and sanitation. This book is a collection of working group papers contributed by members of Network of ASEAN-China Think-tanks (NACT) and covers best practices on poverty alleviation in ASEAN member states as well as in China, and ASEAN-China cooperation. It discusses experiences of ASEAN member states and China such as with regard to national policies, principles, definitions, approaches, progress, and challenges in poverty reduction. It reviews and evaluates the way forward including existing joint projects, opportunities, and challenges in the future cooperation and offers policy recommendations from both national and regional perspectives to help policymakers better cope with the daunting poverty challenges.

Advanced Topics in Theoretical Chemical Physics

Advanced Topics in Theoretical Chemical Physics

Author: J. Maruani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401706353

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 460

Advanced Topics in Theoretical Chemical Physics is a collection of 20 selected papers from the scientific presentations of the Fourth Congress of the International Society for Theoretical Chemical Physics (ISTCP) held at Marly-le-Roi, France, in July 2002. Advanced Topics in Theoretical Chemical Physics encompasses a broad spectrum in which scientists place special emphasis on theoretical methods in chemistry and physics. The chapters in the book are divided into five sections: I: Advances Chemical Thermodynamics II: Electronic Structure of Molecular Systems III: Molecular Interaction and Dynamics IV: Condensed Matter V: Playing with Numbers This book is an invaluable resource for all academics and researchers interested in theoretical, quantum or statistical, chemical physics or physical chemistry. It presents a selection of some of the most advanced methods, results and insights in this exciting area.

The Poetry and Music of Science

The Poetry and Music of Science

Author: Tom McLeish

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192518927

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 958

What human qualities are needed to make scientific discoveries, and which to make great art? Many would point to 'imagination' and 'creativity' in the second case but not the first. This book challenges the assumption that doing science is in any sense less creative than art, music or fictional writing and poetry, and treads a historical and contemporary path through common territories of the creative process. The methodological process called the 'scientific method' tells us how to test ideas when we have had them, but not how to arrive at hypotheses in the first place. Hearing the stories that scientists and artists tell about their projects reveals commonalities: the desire for a goal, the experience of frustration and failure, the incubation of the problem, moments of sudden insight, and the experience of the beautiful or sublime. Selected themes weave the practice of science and art together: visual thinking and metaphor, the transcendence of music and mathematics, the contemporary rise of the English novel and experimental science, and the role of aesthetics and desire in the creative process. Artists and scientists make salient comparisons: Defoe and Boyle; Emmerson and Humboldt, Monet and Einstein, Schumann and Hadamard. The book draws on medieval philosophy at many points as the product of the last age that spent time in inner contemplation of the mystery of how something is mentally brought out from nothing. Taking the phenomenon of the rainbow as an example, the principles of creativity within constraint point to the scientific imagination as a parallel of poetry.

Science in Society 52

Science in Society 52

Author: Dr. Mae-Wan Ho

Publisher: Institute of Science in Soc

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 52

View: 551

In this issue: From the Editors - Global Diabetes Epidemic Rages On Diabetes EpidemicNew Diabetes Drug & Cancer RiskDiabetes New Cures from Old FoodsTreating Diabetes with a Glucagon-like Peptide Art/science EssayA Scientist’s Earth Music Truth & BeautyGolden Mean Wins Chemistry Nobel Prize Physics of OrganismsMembrane Potential Rules Genes Don’t Generate Body PatternsLiquid Crystalline Morphogenetic Field Electronic Induction Animates the CellProtein’s Secret Water Music in Nanospace Letters to the Editor Freeing the World from GMOsGM Feed Toxic, New Meta-Analysis RevealsGlyphosate & Monarch Butterfly DeclineBt Resistant Rootworm SpreadsUSDA/APHIS Creeping towards Regulatory ShutdownNina Fedoroff Misfires at EPA's Modest Proposal New PhysicsThe Z Theory of Everything Technology WatchSkyhook to Save the Climate?Thorium the Answer to Clean Energy?Pharm Crops Ignoring Health & Environment

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics

Author: Eleanor Robson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191607448

Category: Mathematics

Page: 926

View: 374

This Handbook explores the history of mathematics under a series of themes which raise new questions about what mathematics has been and what it has meant to practise it. It addresses questions of who creates mathematics, who uses it, and how. A broader understanding of mathematical practitioners naturally leads to a new appreciation of what counts as a historical source. Material and oral evidence is drawn upon as well as an unusual array of textual sources. Further, the ways in which people have chosen to express themselves are as historically meaningful as the contents of the mathematics they have produced. Mathematics is not a fixed and unchanging entity. New questions, contexts, and applications all influence what counts as productive ways of thinking. Because the history of mathematics should interact constructively with other ways of studying the past, the contributors to this book come from a diverse range of intellectual backgrounds in anthropology, archaeology, art history, philosophy, and literature, as well as history of mathematics more traditionally understood. The thirty-six self-contained, multifaceted chapters, each written by a specialist, are arranged under three main headings: 'Geographies and Cultures', 'Peoples and Practices', and 'Interactions and Interpretations'. Together they deal with the mathematics of 5000 years, but without privileging the past three centuries, and an impressive range of periods and places with many points of cross-reference between chapters. The key mathematical cultures of North America, Europe, the Middle East, India, and China are all represented here as well as areas which are not often treated in mainstream history of mathematics, such as Russia, the Balkans, Vietnam, and South America. A vital reference for graduates and researchers in mathematics, historians of science, and general historians.

The Founders of Western Thought – The Presocratics

The Founders of Western Thought – The Presocratics

Author: Constantine J. Vamvacas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402097911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 293

View: 462

There can be little doubt that the Greek tradition of philosophical criticism had its main source in Ionia. . . It thus leads the tradition which created the rational or scienti?c attitude, and with it our Western civilization, the only civilization, which is based upon science (though, of course, not upon science alone). Karl Popper, Back to the Presocratics Harvard University physicist and historian of Science, Gerald Holton, coined the term “Ionian Enchantment”, an expression that links the idea back in the 6th c- tury B. C. to the ancient Ionians along the eastern Aegean coast, while capturing its fascination. Approximately within a seventy- ve year period (600–525 B. C. ) -a split second in the history of humanity- the three Milesian thinkers, Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes, without plain evidence, but with an unequalled power of critical abstraction and intuition, had achieved a true intellectual re- lution; they founded and bequeathed to future generations a new, unprecedented way of theorizing the world; it could be summarized in four statements: beneath the apparent disorder and multiplicity of the cosmos, there exists order, unity and stability; unity derives from the fundamental primary substratum from which the cosmos originated; this, and, consequently, the cosmic reality, is one, and is based not on supernatural, but on physical causes; they are such that man can - vestigate them rationally. These four statements are neither self-evident nor se- explanatory.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 48

View: 350

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Music and the Making of Modern Science

Music and the Making of Modern Science

Author: Peter Pesic

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262027274

Category: Music

Page: 357

View: 811

A wide-ranging exploration of how music has influenced science through the ages, from fifteenth-century cosmology to twentieth-century string theory. In the natural science of ancient Greece, music formed the meeting place between numbers and perception; for the next two millennia, Pesic tells us in Music and the Making of Modern Science, “liberal education” connected music with arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy within a fourfold study, the quadrivium. Peter Pesic argues provocatively that music has had a formative effect on the development of modern science—that music has been not just a charming accompaniment to thought but a conceptual force in its own right. Pesic explores a series of episodes in which music influenced science, moments in which prior developments in music arguably affected subsequent aspects of natural science. He describes encounters between harmony and fifteenth-century cosmological controversies, between musical initiatives and irrational numbers, between vibrating bodies and the emergent electromagnetism. He offers lively accounts of how Newton applied the musical scale to define the colors in the spectrum; how Euler and others applied musical ideas to develop the wave theory of light; and how a harmonium prepared Max Planck to find a quantum theory that reengaged the mathematics of vibration. Taken together, these cases document the peculiar power of music—its autonomous force as a stream of experience, capable of stimulating insights different from those mediated by the verbal and the visual. An innovative e-book edition available for iOS devices will allow sound examples to be played by a touch and shows the score in a moving line.

Music and Consciousness

Music and Consciousness

Author: David Clarke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199553792

Category: Medical

Page: 409

View: 304

What is consciousness? Why and when do we have it? Where does it come from, and how does it relate to the lump of squishy grey matter in our heads, or to our material and social worlds? While neuroscientists, philosophers, psychologists, historians, and cultural theorists offer widely different perspectives on these fundamental questions concerning what it is like to be human, most agree that consciousness represents a 'hard problem'.The emergence of consciousness studies as a multidisciplinary discourse addressing these issues has often been associated with rapid advances in neuroscience-perhaps giving the impression that the arts and humanities have arrived late at the debating table. The longer historical view suggests otherwise, but it is probably true that music has been under-represented in accounts of consciousness. Music and Consciousness aims to redress the balance: its twenty essays offer a timely andmulti-faceted contribution to consciousness studies, critically examining some of the existing debates and raising new questions.The collection makes it clear that to understand consciousness we need to do much more than just look at brains: studying music demonstrates that consciousness is as much to do with minds, bodies, culture, and history. Incorporating several chapters that move outside Western philosophical traditions, Music and Consciousness corrects any perception that the study of consciousness is a purely occidental preoccupation. And in addition to what it says about consciousness the volume also presents adistinctive and thought-provoking configuration of new writings about music.

Didactics of Mathematics as a Scientific Discipline

Didactics of Mathematics as a Scientific Discipline

Author: Rolf Biehler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306472046

Category: Education

Page: 467

View: 642

Didactics of Mathematics as a Scientific Discipline describes the state of the art in a new branch of science. Starting from a general perspective on the didactics of mathematics, the 30 original contributions to the book, drawn from 10 different countries, go on to identify certain subdisciplines and suggest an overall structure or `topology' of the field. The book is divided into eight sections: (1) Preparing Mathematics for Students; (2) Teacher Education and Research on Teaching; (3) Interaction in the Classroom; (4) Technology and Mathematics Education; (5) Psychology of Mathematical Thinking; (6) Differential Didactics; (7) History and Epistemology of Mathematics and Mathematics Education; (8) Cultural Framing of Teaching and Learning Mathematics. Didactics of Mathematics as a Scientific Discipline is required reading for all researchers into the didactics of mathematics, and contains surveys and a variety of stimulating reflections which make it extremely useful for mathematics educators and teacher trainers interested in the theory of their practice. Future and practising teachers of mathematics will find much to interest them in relation to their daily work, especially as it relates to the teaching of different age groups and ability ranges. The book is also recommended to researchers in neighbouring disciplines, such as mathematics itself, general education, educational psychology and cognitive science.