Payments for Environmental Services, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Payments for Environmental Services, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Author: Luca Tacconi

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: 1849802998

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 797

'Everybody talks about payments for environmental services nowadays, yet we still chronically lack good case studies systematically analyzing the experiences out there. This book fills an important gap by bringing together in-depth analyses of carbon-focused PES and PES-like schemes from three tropical continents. Using a sustainable livelihoods approach, the book convincingly confirms our sound intuition: poor farmers voluntarily participating in PES initiatives worldwide will usually become better off. As forest and climate change initiatives continue to blossom, this irrefutable insight will become valuable.' - Sven Wunder, Center for International Forestry Research, Brazil

Payments for Environmental Services, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Payments for Environmental Services, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Author: Luca Tacconi

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781849806015

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 507

This resourceful book draws on several case studies to derive implications for the design of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) schemes that are very relevant to current climate change negotiations and the implementation of Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) schemes at the national level. With its focus on livelihoods, the book also provides important lessons that are relevant to the design of PES schemes focusing on environmental services other than carbon conservation. Drawing practical lessons for the design of activities aimed at reducing deforestation and forest degradation while benefiting rural people, this book will appeal to academics, practitioners and students involved in the fields of environment and natural resource management, forestry and development studies. This insightful study is accessible also to non-experts in presenting the key issues faced in avoiding deforestation and benefiting livelihoods.

Forests and Climate Change

Forests and Climate Change

Author: Anthony Hall

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781849806114

Category: Nature

Page: 232

View: 893

Controlling deforestation, which is responsible for about one-fifth of the world's greenhouse gas emissions, has become a major tool in the battle against global warming. An important new international initiative – Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) – provides economic incentives to forest users to encourage preservation of trees. Nearly all Latin American countries are introducing national REDD strategies and pilot schemes. This insightful book raises questions over some of the basic assumptions that underpin REDD policies in Latin America. It raises doubts about whether sufficient account is being taken of the complex social, economic, cultural and governance dimensions involved, advocating a comprehensive 'social development' approach to REDD planning. Forests and Climate Change is the first book to comprehensively examine REDD policies across Latin America, including a focus on social aspects. It will prove invaluable for academics and postgraduate students in the fields of environmental studies, environmental politics, geography, social planning, social and environmental impact assessment, development studies, and Latin American area studies. Policy-makers, planners and practitioners working on REDD at national and international levels (both official and NGO sectors) will also find plenty of refreshing data in this much-needed resource.

Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfers, Forest Conservation and Climate Change

Author: Silvia Irawan

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781784716608

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 208

View: 863

Intergovernmental fiscal transfers (IFTs) are an innovative way to create incentives for local public actors to support conservation. This book contributes to the debate about how to conserve tropical forests by implementing mechanisms for reducing deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). With Indonesia as a case study, the authors adopt an interdisciplinary approach, drawing on political science, economics, and public policy. They consider the theoretical justification, as well as the wider political and administrative context for developing the design of IFTs for conservation. Students and scholars looking at conservation, ecological economics, decentralisation, forest policy and climate change will find this book to be of interest. It will also be of considerable use to policy-makers and practitioners working on forest policy, particularly those implementing REDD+.

Avoided Deforestation

Avoided Deforestation

Author: Charles Palmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134063116

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 273

View: 459

Avoided deforestation can be characterized as the use of financial incentives to reduce rates of deforestation and forest degradation, with much of the focus on forests in tropical countries. While avoided deforestation, as a policy issue, is not new, the current debate in academic and policy circles on including it in future climate change mitigation strategies such as the Clean Development Mechanism is gathering pace – and this debate is only likely to intensify as negotiations continue over what should be included in the successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol, which is set to expire in 2012. Up until now, however, the debate in terms of the scientific and economic implications of avoided deforestation has not been brought together. This book aims to bring together important research findings in the area along with their policy implications, whilst linking avoided deforestation to political economy as well as to the latest developments in environmental and natural resource economics.

Governing the Provision of Ecosystem Services

Governing the Provision of Ecosystem Services

Author: Roldan Muradian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400751767

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 728

Founded on the core notion that we have reached a turning point in the governance, and thus the conservation, of ecosystems and the environment, this edited volume features more than 20 original chapters, each informed by the paradigm shift in the sector over the last decade. Where once the emphasis was on strategies for conservation, enacted through instruments of control such as planning and ‘polluter pays’ legislation, more recent developments have shown a shift towards incentive-based arrangements aimed at those responsible for providing the environmental services enabled by such ecosystems. Encouraging shared responsibility for watershed management, developed in Costa Rica, is a prime example, and the various interests involved in its instauration in Java are one of the subjects examined here.

Ecosystem Services from Agriculture and Agroforestry

Ecosystem Services from Agriculture and Agroforestry

Author: Fabrice DeClerk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136537615

Category: Nature

Page: 449

View: 486

Agricultural systems are no longer evaluated solely on the basis of the food they provide, but also on their capacity to limit impacts on the environment, such as soil conservation, water quality and biodiversity conservation, as well as their contribution to mitigating and adapting to climate change. In order to cope with these multiple service functions, they must internalize the costs and benefits of their environmental impact. Payments for ecosystem services are hoped to encourage and promote sustainable practices via financial incentives. The authors show that while the principle is straightforward, the practice is much more complicated. Whereas scenic beauty and protection of water sources provide benefits to the local population, carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation can be considered international public goods, rendering potential payment schemes more complex. Few examples exist where national or international bodies have been able to set up viable mechanisms that compensate agricultural systems for the environmental services they provide. However this book provides several examples of successful programs, and aims to transfer them to other regions of the world. The authors show that a product can be sold if it is clearly quantified, there exists a means to determine the service's values, and there is a willing buyer. The first two sections of the book present methodological issues related to the quantification and marketing of ecosystem services from agriculture, including agroforestry. The third and final section presents case studies of practical payments for ecosystem services and experiences in Central and South America, and draws some lessons learnt for effective and sustainable development of ecosystem services compensation mechanisms.

Conservation Effectiveness and Concurrent Green Initiatives

Conservation Effectiveness and Concurrent Green Initiatives

Author: Li An

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000689181

Category: Nature

Page: 170

View: 693

The book examines concurrent green initiatives and their spillover effects on environmental conservation and management to reveal their impact on conservation effectiveness, drawing on a range of international case studies. Green initiatives are programs, payments, or endeavors that restore, sustain, or improve nature’s capacity, with examples including payments for ecosystem services and the development of nature reserves and protected areas. This book explicitly examines concurrent green initiatives, where initiatives overlap either geographically or in terms of recipients of multiple payments. The book provides a detailed analysis of case studies in the USA and China, including the USA-based Conservation Reserve Program and the Environmental Quality Incentives Program, and the China based Grain-to-Green Program and the Forest Ecological Benefit Compensation Fund. Through this comparison, the book shows the impact of concurrent green initiatives, including additional or unintended benefits for conservation and local communities as well as negative spillover effects. The book complements these case studies by drawing on other global examples ranging in size from local to continental, including planting native trees and shrubs in Australia and green initiatives in the Baltic Sea region. Overall, this book demonstrates the importance of analyzing concurrent green efforts to better understand both the positive and negative impacts to ensure the optimal effectiveness of these policies and programs for conservation and environmental management. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental conservation and management, land use, ecosystem services and environmental policy, as well as policymakers and practitioners working on environmental initiatives and programs.

Biorights

Biorights

Author: Dipayan Dey

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030915032

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 670

This book evaluates local conservation successes of global south in the climate milieu, as an empirical evidence of ‘Bio-rights’ of commons at community-ecosystem interface for sustainable intensification of nature’s goods and services. Bio-rights is a right-based neo-economic conservation paradigm that compensates the opportunity costs incurred in conservation efforts by the marginal communities, living near globally important ecosystems and dependent on it for their livelihood, through payments from environment services. The book would bring forth the true value of circular economic interventions in socio-ecological conservation, shaped through sustainable human interactions with nature. This multilevel study of conservation science serves an interdisciplinary academia, consistent with conventions on climate change, bio-diversity and sustainable development, to establish links between conservation priorities and development objectives. Herein, Bio-rights is introduced as a ‘design approach’ for production linked sustainable development, supplemented with case studies from the east.

Sharing Ecosystem Services

Sharing Ecosystem Services

Author: Osamu Saito

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811380679

Category: Science

Page: 265

View: 108

Using “the sharing paradigm” as a guiding concept, this book demonstrates that “sharing” has much greater potential to make rural society resilient, sustainable and inclusive through enriching all four sharing dimensions: informal, mediated, communal and commercial sharing. The chapters are divided into two parts, one that focuses on case studies of the sharing ecosystem services in Japan, the other on case studies from around the world including in the regions of Africa, Asia-Pacific, South America and Europe. Reflecting the recent growing attention to sharing concept and its application to economic and urban context, this publication explores opportunities and challenges to build more resilient and sustainable society in harmony with nature by critical examination of sharing practices in rural landscapes and seascapes around the world. This book introduces not only traditional communal and non-market sharing practices in different rural areas, but also new forms of sharing through integration of traditional practices and modern science and technologies.

Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation

Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Alleviation

Author: Dilys Roe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118428511

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 715

Biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation are bothimportant societal goals demanding increasing internationalattention. While they may seem to be unrelated, the internationalpolicy frameworks that guide action to address them make anexplicit assumption that conserving biodiversity will help totackle global poverty. Part of the Conservation Science andPractice Series published with the Zoological Society ofLondon, this book explores the validity of that assumption. Thebook addresses a number of critical questions: Which aspects of biodiversity are of value to the poor? Does the relationship between biodiversity and poverty differaccording to particular ecological conditions? How do different conservation interventions vary in theirpoverty impacts? How do distributional and institutional issues affect thepoverty impacts of interventions? How do broader issues such as climate change and the globaleconomic system affect the biodiversity – povertyrelationship at different scales? This volume will be of interest to policy-makers, practitionersand researchers concerned with understanding the potential -and limitations - of integrated approaches to biodiversityconservation and poverty alleviation.