Modeling the Economics of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Modeling the Economics of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309162357

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 229

Models are fundamental for estimating the possible costs and effectiveness of different policies for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. There is a wide array of models to perform such analysis, differing in the level of technological detail, treatment of technological progress, spatial and sector details, and representation of the interaction of the energy sector to the overall economy and environment. These differences impact model results, including cost estimates. More fundamentally, these models differ as to how they represent fundamental processes that have a large impact on policy analysis-such as how different models represent technological learning and cost reductions that come through increasing production volumes, or how different models represent baseline conditions. Reliable estimates of the costs and potential impacts on the United States economy of various emissions reduction and other mitigation strategies are critical to the development of the federal climate change research and development portfolio. At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Academies organized a workshop, summarized in this volume, to consider some of these types of modeling issues.

Assessing Economic Impacts of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Assessing Economic Impacts of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Author: Board on Energy and Environmental Systems

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309127009

Category: Science

Page: 43

View: 217

Many economic models exist to estimate the cost and effectiveness of different policies for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Some approaches incorporate rich technological detail, others emphasize the aggregate behavior of the economy and energy system, and some focus on impacts for specific sectors. Understandably, different approaches may be better positioned to provide particular types of information and may yield differing results, at times rendering decisions on future climate change emissions and research and development (R&D) policy difficult. Reliable estimates of the costs and benefits to the U.S. economy for various emissions reduction and adaptation strategies are critical to federal climate change R&D portfolio planning and investment decisions. At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Academies organized a workshop to consider these issues. The workshop, summarized in this volume, comprised three dimensions: policy, analysis, and economics. Discussions along these dimensions were meant to lead to constructive identification of gaps and opportunities. The workshop focused on (1) policymakers' informational needs; (2) models and other analytic approaches to meet these needs; (3) important economic considerations, including equity and discounting; and (4) opportunities to enhance analytical capabilities and better inform policy.

Assessing Economic Impacts of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Assessing Economic Impacts of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030914115X

Category: Science

Page: 54

View: 346

Many economic models exist to estimate the cost and effectiveness of different policies for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Some approaches incorporate rich technological detail, others emphasize the aggregate behavior of the economy and energy system, and some focus on impacts for specific sectors. Understandably, different approaches may be better positioned to provide particular types of information and may yield differing results, at times rendering decisions on future climate change emissions and research and development (R&D) policy difficult. Reliable estimates of the costs and benefits to the U.S. economy for various emissions reduction and adaptation strategies are critical to federal climate change R&D portfolio planning and investment decisions. At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Academies organized a workshop to consider these issues. The workshop, summarized in this volume, comprised three dimensions: policy, analysis, and economics. Discussions along these dimensions were meant to lead to constructive identification of gaps and opportunities. The workshop focused on (1) policymakers' informational needs; (2) models and other analytic approaches to meet these needs; (3) important economic considerations, including equity and discounting; and (4) opportunities to enhance analytical capabilities and better inform policy.

Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies - 6th International Conference

Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies - 6th International Conference

Author: John Gale

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080532622

Category: Science

Page: 1940

View: 793

Climate change is an issue that is highly debated around the globe. This book brings together the papers that were presented at a conference dedicated to this issue, held in Kyoto in October 2002. Covering a broad range of areas, the topics presented will benefit both those working in the field of carbon dioxide recovery and sequestration, and those looking at the effects of non carbon dioxide greenhouse gases. An overview of the Research and Design technologies which aid in mitigating climate change is included, which will be invaluable to those researching new opportunities for dealing with this problem. An area of research that has seen a rapid rise in worldwide spend Will benefit both researchers in climate change, and those looking at new technologies to help deal with the problem Presents papers from contributors spread around the globe means that this book has world wide relevance

Handbook of Energy

Handbook of Energy

Author: Cutler J. Cleveland

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 9780080914572

Category: Science

Page: 1034

View: 159

Handbook of Energy, Volume I: Diagrams, Charts, and Tables provides comprehensive, organized coverage on all phases of energy and its role in society, including its social, economic, political, historical, and environmental aspects. While there is a wealth of information about energy available, it is spread across many books, journals, and websites and it tends to target either a particular form of energy or a specific audience. Handbook of Energy provides a central repository of information that meets diverse user communities. It focuses on visual, graphic, and tabular information in a schematic format. Individuals and researchers at all educational levels will find the Handbook of Energy to be a valuable addition to their personal libraries. Easy-to-read technical diagrams and tables display a vast array of data and concepts

A risk hedging strategy for the 2°C target and the Copenhagen Accord

A risk hedging strategy for the 2°C target and the Copenhagen Accord

Author:

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

ISBN: 9789289322485

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 45

View: 215

This report presents the results from a research project "Long term impact of the Copenhagen accord regarding the 2 degree target", done at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland during autumn 2010 and winter 2011 for the Nordic Ad Hoc Group on Global Climate Negotiations (NOAK). The report portrays greenhouse gas emission pathways that would minimize the costs of reaching the 2oC target, while simultaneously taking into account the uncertainty of and future learning on climate sensitivity. Using these scenarios, we argue that the emission level resulting from the Copenhagen Accord would be at least 5 Gt CO2 eq higher than the cost-effective level in 2020. Therefore future climate negotiations should aim for more ambitious emission reductions, both in and after 2020.

Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation

Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation

Author: Ottmar Edenhofer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139505598

Category: Science

Page:

View: 572

This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SRREN) assesses the potential role of renewable energy in the mitigation of climate change. It covers the six most important renewable energy sources – bioenergy, solar, geothermal, hydropower, ocean and wind energy – as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It considers the environmental and social consequences associated with the deployment of these technologies and presents strategies to overcome technical as well as non-technical obstacles to their application and diffusion. SRREN brings a broad spectrum of technology-specific experts together with scientists studying energy systems as a whole. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, it presents an impartial assessment of the current state of knowledge: it is policy relevant but not policy prescriptive. SRREN is an invaluable assessment of the potential role of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change for policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Economic Analysis of Land Use in Global Climate Change Policy

Economic Analysis of Land Use in Global Climate Change Policy

Author: Thomas W. Hertel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135978839

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 154

Land has long been overlooked in economics. That is now changing. A substantial part of the solution to the climate crisis may lie in growing crops for fuel and using trees for storing carbon. This book investigates the potential of these options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, estimates the costs to the economy, and analyses the trade-offs with growing food. The first part presents new databases that are necessary to underpin policy-relevant research in the field of climate change while describing and critically assessing the underlying data, the methodologies used, and the first applications. Together, the new data and the extended models allow for a thorough and comprehensive analysis of a land use and climate policy. This book outlines key empirical and analytical issues associated with modelling land use and land use change in the context of global climate change policy. It places special emphasis on the economy-wide competition for land and other resources, especially; The implications of changes in land use for the cost of climate change mitigation, Land use change as a result of mitigation, and Feedback from changes in the global climate to land use. By offering synthesis and evaluation of a variety of different approaches to this challenging field of research, this book will serve as a key reference for future work in the economic analysis of land use and climate change policy.

Climate Change Mitigation, Technological Innovation and Adaptation

Climate Change Mitigation, Technological Innovation and Adaptation

Author: Valentine Bosetti

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781783477173

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 572

This book presents provides a rigorous yet accessible treatment of the main topics in climate change policy using a large body of research generated using WITCH (World Induced Technical Change Hybrid), an innovative and path-breaking integrated assessm