Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry

Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry

Author: Riccardo Flamini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470552913

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 496

A concise, up-to-date overview of the applications of mass spectrometry To be able to estimate the potentiality of grapes and how it may be transferred into wine is key to grasping enological chemistry. Nowadays, mass spectrometry is a crucial aspect in ensuring the production, the quality, and the safety of grape, wine, and grape derivative products. Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry examines in depth the relationship between the high structural identification power of mass spectrometry techniques and the chemistry of grapes and wine. The text is divided into two parts. The first section provides an overview of mass spectrometry methods in relation to enology in three chapters. The second section offers seven chapters on wine chemistry as well as traditional topics and new developments in mass spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry explores many mass spectrometry applications, including: Ionization methods Mass analyzers and mass measurements Mass spectrometry methodologies Grape aroma compounds Volatile and aroma compounds in wines Grape and wine polyphenols Compounds released by wood into wine Wine defects caused by compounds Pesticide detection analysis Peptides and proteins of grape and wine Written by leading experts in the field, this book presents an introduction to mass spectrometry and outlines ways to maximize quality control and product safety for the best results. Mass Spectrometry in Grape and Wine Chemistry is an essential handbook for laboratories working in enology.

Hyphenated Techniques in Grape and Wine Chemistry

Hyphenated Techniques in Grape and Wine Chemistry

Author: Riccardo Flamini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470754313

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 177

This book presents the modern applications of hyphenated techniques in the analysis and study of the chemistry of grape, wine, and grape-derivative products. It explains the different applications and techniques used in the laboratory, such as liquid- and gas-phase chromatography, mass spectrometry, and capillary electrophoresis, and describes the methods developed using instrumentation with high performance and reliability. Additionally, the book covers the principal applications of modern sample preparation methods, such as solid-phase-extraction and solid-phase-microextraction.

Understanding Wine Chemistry

Understanding Wine Chemistry

Author: Andrew L. Waterhouse

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118627808

Category: Science

Page: 485

View: 467

Wine chemistry inspires and challenges with its complexity, and while this is intriguing, it can also be a barrier to further understanding. The topic is demystified in Understanding Wine Chemistry, Special Mention awardee in the 2018 OIV awards, which explains the important chemistry of wine at the level of university education, and provides an accessible reference text for scientists and scientifically trained winemakers alike. Understanding Wine Chemistry: Summarizes the compounds found in wine, their basic chemical properties and their contribution to wine stability and sensory properties Focuses on chemical and biochemical reaction mechanisms that are critical to wine production processes such as fermentation, aging, physiochemical separations and additions Includes case studies showing how chemistry can be harnessed to enhance wine color, aroma, flavor, balance, stability and quality. This descriptive text provides an overview of wine components and explains the key chemical reactions they undergo, such as those controlling the transformation of grape components, those that arise during fermentation, and the evolution of wine flavor and color. The book aims to guide the reader, who perhaps only has a basic knowledge of chemistry, to rationally explain or predict the outcomes of chemical reactions that contribute to the diversity observed among wines. This will help students, winemakers and other interested individuals to anticipate the effects of wine treatments and processes, or interpret experimental results based on an understanding of the major chemical reactions that can occur in wine.

Grapes and Wines

Grapes and Wines

Author: António M. Jordão

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535138334

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 216

The book "Grapes and Wines: Advances in Production, Processing, Analysis, and Valorization" intends to provide to the reader a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art and different perspectives regarding the most recent knowledge related to grape and wine production. Thus, this book is composed of three different general sections: (1) Viticulture and Environmental Conditions, (2) Wine Production and Characterization, and (3) Economic Analysis and Valorization of Wine Products. Inside these 3 general sections, 16 different chapters provide current research on different topics of recent advances on production, processing, analysis, and valorization of grapes and wines. All chapters are written by a group of international researchers, in order to provide up-to-date reviews, overviews, and summaries of current research on the different dimensions of grape and wine production. This book is not only intended for technicians actively engaged in the field but also for students attending technical schools and/or universities and other professionals that might be interested in reading and learning about some fascinating areas of grape and wine research.

Food Traceability and Authenticity

Food Traceability and Authenticity

Author: Didier Montet

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498788434

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 208

Food traceability is a growing consumer concern worldwide. Traceability is undertaken primarily at the administrative level, where the use of advanced analytical tools is not available. Nevertheless, the determination of geographical origin is a requirement of the traceability system for the import and export of foodstuffs (EU regulation 178/2002). The topics covered in this book include the history of traceability; legislations and rules; the actual traceability techniques and the potential analytical techniques for food traceability such as molecular methods (e.g. DGGE, SSCP), next generation sequencers (NGS), bio-captors, chromatographic techniques, isotopic analysis that are used for discrimination of organic food, fish, oils. The chromatographic techniques help in the use of volatile compounds analysis. The isotope analysis helps in distinguishing between chicken meat and vegetable oils. Ambient mass spectrometry is used for studying mycotoxines and alkaloids in foodstuffs and their management, food and feed authentication in olive and other plant oils, and wine. Vibrational methods (e.g. NMR and NIRS) are used to trace food by global spectrum. The book reviews the current and future techniques including metabolomic techniques.

Mass Spectrometry

Mass Spectrometry

Author: Marek Smoluch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119377337

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 588

Provides a comprehensive description of mass spectrometry basics, applications, and perspectives Mass spectrometry is a modern analytical technique, allowing for fast and ultrasensitive detection and identification of chemical species. It can serve for analysis of narcotics, counterfeit medicines, components of explosives, but also in clinical chemistry, forensic research and anti-doping analysis, for identification of clinically relevant molecules as biomarkers of various diseases. This book describes everything readers need to know about mass spectrometry—from the instrumentation to the theory and applications. It looks at all aspects of mass spectrometry, including inorganic, organic, forensic, and biological MS (paying special attention to various methodologies and data interpretation). It also contains a list of key terms for easier and faster understanding of the material by newcomers to the subject and test questions to assist lecturers. Knowing how crucial it is for young researchers to fully understand both the power of mass spectrometry and the importance of other complementary methodologies, Mass Spectrometry: An Applied Approach teaches that it should be used in conjunction with other techniques such as NMR, pharmacological tests, structural identification, molecular biology, in order to reveal the true function(s) of the identified molecule. Provides a description of mass spectrometry basics, applications and perspectives of the technique Oriented to a broad audience with limited or basic knowledge in mass spectrometry instrumentation, theory, and its applications in order to enhance their competence in this field Covers all aspects of mass spectrometry, including inorganic, organic, forensic, and biological MS with special attention to application of various methodologies and data interpretation Includes a list of key terms, and test questions, for easier and faster understanding of the material Mass Spectrometry: An Applied Approach is highly recommended for advanced students, young scientists, and anyone involved in a field that utilizes the technique.

Wine Science

Wine Science

Author: Ronald S. Jackson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128165379

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1030

View: 176

Wine Science: Principles and Applications, Fifth Edition, delivers in-depth information and expertise in a single, science-focused volume, including all the complexities and nuances of creating a quality wine product. From variety, to the chemistry that transforms grape to fruit to wine, the book presents sections on the most important information regarding wine laws, authentication, the latest technology used in wine production, and expert-insights into the sensory appreciation of wine and its implications in health. This book is ideal for anyone seeking to understand the science that produces quality wines of every type. Presents thorough explanations of viticulture and winemaking principles from grape to taste bud Addresses historical developments in wine production, notably sparkling wines Provides techniques in grapevine breeding, notably CRISPR Compares production methods in a framework that provides insights into the advantages and disadvantages of each

Interpretation of MS-MS Mass Spectra of Drugs and Pesticides

Interpretation of MS-MS Mass Spectra of Drugs and Pesticides

Author: Wilfried M. A. Niessen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119294245

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 208

Provides comprehensive coverage of the interpretation of LC–MS–MS mass spectra of 1300 drugs and pesticides Provides a general discussion on the fragmentation of even-electron ions (protonated and deprotonated molecules) in both positive-ion and negative-ion modes This is the reference book for the interpretation of MS–MS mass spectra of small organic molecules Covers related therapeutic classes of compounds such as drugs for cardiovascular diseases, psychotropic compounds, drugs of abuse and designer drugs, antimicrobials, among many others Covers general fragmentation rule as well as specific fragmentation pathways for many chemical functional groups Gives an introduction to MS technology, mass spectral terminology, information contained in mass spectra, and to the identification strategies used for different types of unknowns

Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Pesticide Residues and their Metabolites

Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Pesticide Residues and their Metabolites

Author: Despina Tsipi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119069980

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 172

Provides an overview of the use of mass spectrometry (MS) for the analysis of pesticide residues and their metabolites. Presents state of the-art MS techniques for the identification of pesticides and their transformation products in food and environment Covers important advances in MS techniques including MS instrumentation and chromatographic separations (e.g. UPLC, HILIC, comprehensive GCxGC) and applications Illustrates the main sample preparation techniques (SPE, QuEChERS, microextraction) used in combination with MS for the analysis of pesticides Describes various established and new ionization techniques as well as the main MS platforms, software tools and mass spectral libraries

Analysis of Protein Post-Translational Modifications by Mass Spectrometry

Analysis of Protein Post-Translational Modifications by Mass Spectrometry

Author: John R. Griffiths

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119250883

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 725

Covers all major modifications, including phosphorylation, glycosylation, acetylation, ubiquitination, sulfonation and and glycation Discussion of the chemistry behind each modification, along with key methods and references Contributions from some of the leading researchers in the field A valuable reference source for all laboratories undertaking proteomics, mass spectrometry and post-translational modification research

Mass Spectrometry in Structural Biology and Biophysics

Mass Spectrometry in Structural Biology and Biophysics

Author: Igor A. Kaltashov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470937792

Category: Medical

Page: 289

View: 368

With its detailed and systematic coverage of the current state of biophysical mass spectrometry (MS), here is one of the first systematic presentations of the full experimental array of MS-based techniques used in biophysics, covering both fundamental and practical issues. The book presents a discussion of general biophysical concepts and a brief overview of traditional biophysical techniques before outlining the more advanced concepts of mass spectrometry. The new edition gives an up-to-date and expanded coverage of experimental methodologies and a clear look at MS-based methods for studying higher order structures and biopolymers. A must for researchers in the field of biophysics, structural biology, and protein chemistry.

Comprehensive Chromatography in Combination with Mass Spectrometry

Comprehensive Chromatography in Combination with Mass Spectrometry

Author: Luigi Mondello

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118003459

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 638

This book provides a detailed description of various multidimensional chromatographic separation techniques. The editor first provides an introduction to the area and then dives right into the various complex separation techniques. While still not used routinely comprehensive chromatography techniques will help acquaint the readers with the fundamentals and possible benefits of multi-dimensional separations coupled with mass spectrometry. The topics include a wide range of material that will appease all interested in either entering the field of multidimensional chromatography and those looking to gain a better understanding of the topic.