Lingua Franca in the Mediterranean

Lingua Franca in the Mediterranean

Author: J. E. Wansborough

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136779725

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 234

View: 966

The subject of this study is the language of commerce and diplomacy during the period from 1500 BCE to 1500 CE. Based on texts of chancery provenance, its aim is the identification of a linguistic sub-system that effected and informed the major channel of international relations. The standard procedures of contact and exchange generated a format that facilitated inter-lingual transfer of concepts and terms. Lingua Franca refers to the several natural languages that served as vehicle in the transfer, but also to the format itself.

The Lingua Franca

The Lingua Franca

Author: Natalie Operstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316518311

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 555

By de-anonymizing the key text on Mediterranean Lingua Franca, the book opens unexpected new areas for linguistic and historical research.

A Companion to Mediterranean History

A Companion to Mediterranean History

Author: Peregrine Horden

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118519332

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 984

A Companion to Mediterranean History presents awide-ranging overview of this vibrant field of historical research,drawing together scholars from a range of disciplines to discussthe development of the region from Neolithic times to thepresent. Provides a valuable introduction to current debates onMediterranean history and helps define the field for a newgeneration Covers developments in the Mediterranean world from Neolithictimes to the modern era Enables fruitful dialogue among a wide range of disciplines,including history, archaeology, art, literature, andanthropology

Ghanaian Pidgin English in Its West African Context

Ghanaian Pidgin English in Its West African Context

Author: Magnus Huber

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027248824

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 321

View: 693

This first published full-scale study of the Ghanaian variety of West African Pidgin English (GhaPE) makes extensive use of hitherto neglected historical material and provides a synchronic account of GhaPE's structure and sociolinguistics. Special focus is on the differences between GhaPE and other West African Pidgins, in particular the development of, and interrelations between, the different varieties of restructured English in West Africa, from Sierra Leone to Cameroon. This monograph further includes an overview of the history of Afro-European contact languages in Lower Guinea with special emphasis on the Gold Coast; an outline of the settlement of Freetown, Sierra Leone, with a description of how and when the transplantation of Sierra Leonean Krio to other West African countries took place; an analysis of the linguistic evidence for the origin, development, and spread of restructured Englishes on the Lower Guinea Coast; an account of the different varieties of GhaPE and their sociolinguistic status in the contemporary linguistic ecology of Ghana; as well as a comprehensive structural description of the “uneducated” variety of GhaPE. The book is accompanied by a CD-ROM which contains illustrative material such as spoken GhaPE and photographs.

Arabic and contact-induced change

Arabic and contact-induced change

Author: Christopher Lucas

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783961102525

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 702

View: 165

This volume offers a synthesis of current expertise on contact-induced change in Arabic and its neighbours, with thirty chapters written by many of the leading experts on this topic. Its purpose is to showcase the current state of knowledge regarding the diverse outcomes of contacts between Arabic and other languages, in a format that is both accessible and useful to Arabists, historical linguists, and students of language contact.

Merchants of Innovation

Merchants of Innovation

Author: Esther-Miriam Wagner

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501503542

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 283

View: 339

Traders around the world use particular spoken argots, to guard commercial secrets or to cement their identity as members of a certain group. The written registers of traders, too, in correspondence and other commercial texts show significant differences from the language used in official, legal or private writing. This volume suggests a clear cross-linguistic tendency that mercantile writing displays a greater degree of language mixing, code-switching and linguistic innovations, and, by setting precedents, promote language change. This interdisciplinary volume aims to place the traders' languages within a wider sociolinguistic context. Questions addressed include: What differences can be observed between mercantile registers and those of court or legal scribes? Do the traders' texts show the early emergence of features that take longer to permeate into the 'higher' varieties of the same language? Do they anticipate language change in the standard register or influence it by setting linguistic precedents? What sets traders' letters apart from private correspondence and other 'low' registers? The book will also examine bilingualism, semi-bilingualism, reasons for code-switching and the choice of particular languages over others in commercial correspondence.

The Last Lingua Franca

The Last Lingua Franca

Author: Nicholas Ostler

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141922218

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 965

In this provocative and persuasive new book, Nicholas Ostler challenges our assumption that English will continue to dominate as the global lingua franca. Drawing on his encyclopaedic knowledge of world languages and their history, Ostler reveals that just as past great languages like Latin and Sanskrit have died out, so English will follow. The influence of English now is hard to exaggerate - it is the world's preferred medium for business, science and entertainment, and is claimed to be a basic educational tool like mathematics or computing. So is it here to stay? For the last four centuries, the dominant world power has been English-speaking, but the global balance of power is shifting. And in countries like Brazil, Russia and China, English plays no part in the national tradition. Although globalization has helped the rise of English, trade, migration, economic development and technological innovation are now changing the way we access and use language. Ostler shows how we are headed towards a much more multilingual and diverse future. And as English retreats, no single language will take its place. We can embrace this future but first we need to accept it: the last competitive advantage of native English-speakers will soon be consigned to history.

Congruence in Contact-Induced Language Change

Congruence in Contact-Induced Language Change

Author: Juliane Besters-Dilger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110338454

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 418

View: 990

Modern contact linguistics has primarily focused on contact between languages that are genetically unrelated and structurally distant. This compendium of articles looks instead at the effects of pre–existing structural congruency between the affected languages at the time of their initial contact, using the Romance and Slavic languages as examples. In contact of this kind, both genetic and typological similarities play a part.

Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Author: Philipp Strazny

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781135455231

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1304

View: 952

Utilizing a historical and international approach, this valuable two-volume resource makes even the more complex linguistic issues understandable for the non-specialized reader. Containing over 500 alphabetically arranged entries and an expansive glossary by a team of international scholars, the Encyclopedia of Linguistics explores the varied perspectives, figures, and methodologies that make up the field.