Japanese Sentence Processing

Japanese Sentence Processing

Author: Reiko Mazuka

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134770144

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 370

View: 859

This volume is a direct result of the International Symposium on Japanese Sentence Processing held at Duke University. The symposium provided the first opportunity for researchers in three disciplinary areas from both Japan and the United States to participate in a conference where they could discuss issues concerning Japanese syntactic processing. The goals of the symposium were three-fold: * to illuminate the mechanisms of Japanese sentence processing from the viewpoints of linguistics, psycholinguistics and computer science; * to synthesize findings about the mechanisms of Japanese sentence processing by researchers in these three fields in Japan and the United States; * to lay foundations for future interdisciplinary research in Japanese sentence processing, as well as international collaborations between researchers in Japan and the United States. The chapters in this volume have been written from the points of view of three different disciplines, with various immediate objectives -- from building usable speech understanding systems to investigating the nature of competence grammars for natural languages. All of the papers share the long term goal of understanding the nature of human language processing mechanisms. The book is concerned with two central issues -- the universality of language processing mechanisms, and the nature of the relation between the components of linguistic knowledge and language processing. This volume demonstrates that interdisciplinary research can be fruitful, and provides groundwork for further research in Japanese sentence processing.

Japanese Sentence Processing

Japanese Sentence Processing

Author: Reiko Mazuka

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0805811257

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 360

View: 756

This volume is a direct result of the International Symposium on Japanese Sentence Processing held at Duke University. The symposium provided the first opportunity for researchers in three disciplinary areas from both Japan and the United States to participate in a conference where they could discuss issues concerning Japanese syntactic processing. The goals of the symposium were three-fold: * to illuminate the mechanisms of Japanese sentence processing from the viewpoints of linguistics, psycholinguistics and computer science; * to synthesize findings about the mechanisms of Japanese sentence processing by researchers in these three fields in Japan and the United States; * to lay foundations for future interdisciplinary research in Japanese sentence processing, as well as international collaborations between researchers in Japan and the United States. The chapters in this volume have been written from the points of view of three different disciplines, with various immediate objectives -- from building usable speech understanding systems to investigating the nature of competence grammars for natural languages. All of the papers share the long term goal of understanding the nature of human language processing mechanisms. The book is concerned with two central issues -- the universality of language processing mechanisms, and the nature of the relation between the components of linguistic knowledge and language processing. This volume demonstrates that interdisciplinary research can be fruitful, and provides groundwork for further research in Japanese sentence processing.

Sentence Processing: A Crosslinguistic Perspective

Sentence Processing: A Crosslinguistic Perspective

Author: Dieter Hillert

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9780585492230

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 458

View: 710

Provides an overview of the fundamental psycholinguistic topics involved in sentence processing. Proposing a cross-linguistic approach, this book offers a theory that characterizes universal cognitive features of the human language processor, independent of a single language structure. It addresses word recognition, fixed expressions, and more.

Bilingual Sentence Processing

Bilingual Sentence Processing

Author: Eva M. Fernández

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027224986

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

View: 645

This title looks at the representation of semitic words in the mental lexicon of semitic language speakers. It asks: should we see semitic words' morphology as root-based or word-based?.

Reanalysis in Sentence Processing

Reanalysis in Sentence Processing

Author: J. Fodor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401590709

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 414

View: 114

The topic addressed in this volume lies within the study of sentence processing, which is one of the major divisions of psycholinguistics. The goal has been to understand the structure and functioning of the mental mechanisms involved in sentence comprehension. Most of the experimental and theoretical work during the last twenty or thirty years has focused on 'first-pass parsing', the process of assigning structure to a sentence as its words are encountered, one at a time, 'from left to right' . One important guiding idea has been to delineate the processing mechanisms by studying where they fai!. For this purpose we identify types of sentences which perceivers have trouble assigning structure to. An important class of perceptually difficult senten ces are those which contain temporary ambiguities. Since the parsing mechanism cannot tell what the intended structure is, it may make an incorrect guess. Then later on in the sentence, the structure assignment process breaks down, because the later words do not fit with the incorrect structural analysis. This is called a 'garden path' situation. When it occurs, the parsing mechanism must somehow correct itself, and find a different analysis which is compatible with the incoming words. This reanalysis process is the subject of the research reported here.

Research in Second Language Processing and Parsing

Research in Second Language Processing and Parsing

Author: Bill VanPatten

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027253156

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 363

View: 634

This volume is the first dedicated to the growing field of theory and research on second language processing and parsing. The fourteen papers in this volume offer cutting-edge research using a number of different languages (e.g., Arabic, Spanish, Japanese, French, German, English) and structures (e.g., relative clauses, wh-gaps, gender, number) to examine various issues in second language processing: first language influence, whether or not non-natives can achieve native-like processing, the roles of context and prosody, the effects of working memory, and others. The researchers include both established scholars and newer voices, all offering important insights into the factors that affect processing and parsing in a second language.

The Development of Language Processing Strategies

The Development of Language Processing Strategies

Author: Reiko Mazuka

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317781554

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 168

View: 669

Ever since the notion of explanatory adequacy was promoted by Chomsky in his 1965 Aspects, linguists and psycholinguists have been in pursuit of a psychologically valid theory of grammar. To be explanatorily adequate, a theory of grammar can not only describe the general characteristics of a language but can also account for the underlying psychological processes of acquiring and processing that language. To be considered psychologically valid, a grammar must be learnable by ordinary children (the problem of acquisition) and must generate sentences that are parsable by ordinary people (the problem of processing). Ultimately, the fields of language acquisition and processing are concerned with the same goal: to build a theory that accounts for grammar as it is acquired by children; accessed in comprehension and production of speech; and represented within the human mind. Unfortunately, these two fields developed independently and have rarely been well-informed about each other's concerns. Both have experienced past difficulties as a result. Recently, new models have been developed with full consideration to cross-linguistic diversity. Gone are many of the basic assumptions of conventional models, and in their place a variety of innovative and more flexible assumptions have emerged. However, in their attempt to address cross-linguistic issues, these processing models have yet to fully address the developmental challenge: How can a child without a stable grammar process language and still manage to acquire new grammar? This book attempts to develop a model of language processing that addresses both cross-linguistic and developmental challenges. It proposes to link the setting of a basic configurational parameter during language acquisition to the different organization of processing strategies in left- and right-branching languages. Based primarily on Mazuka's doctoral dissertation, this volume incorporates various responses to the original proposal as well as the author's responses to the comments.

Second Language Sentence Processing

Second Language Sentence Processing

Author: Alan Juffs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136217210

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 278

View: 968

This addition to the Cognitive Science and Second Language Acquisition series presents a comprehensive review of the latest research findings on sentence processing in second language acquisition. The book begins with a broad overview of the core issues of second language sentence processing research and then narrows its focus by dedicating individual chapters to each of these key areas. While a number of publications have discussed research findings on knowledge of formal syntactic principles as part of theories of second language acquisition, there are fewer resources dedicated to the role of second language sentence processing in this context. This volume will act as the first full-length literature review of the field on the market.

German Sentence Processing

German Sentence Processing

Author: B. Hemforth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401596183

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 322

View: 885

The German language offers a variety of possibilities for asking and answering new questions in psycholinguistic sentence comprehension research. The collection of papers in this volume contributes to the increasingly relevant crosslinguistic comparison of mechanisms of human sentence processing. The topics covered are incremental structure assembly, on-line ambiguity resolution, and phonological, contextual, and working memory aspects of reanalysis. The new theoretical and experimental insights presented in this volume should be of great interest to linguists and psychologists working on human language comprehension. The introductory information provided by the authors makes the volume easily accessible to advanced students.

Cross-Linguistic Perspectives on Language Processing

Cross-Linguistic Perspectives on Language Processing

Author: M. de Vincenzi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402002920

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 859

The cross-linguistic aspect of language processing is becoming a central question in psycholinguistic research: if the goal of psycholinguists is to give a model of the human sentence processor, and not `a language' sentence processor, a test of its cross-linguistic validity is essential. The chapters address truly fundamental issues about the representational primitives of the parsing system and the motivations for the essential characteristics of the parser. The volume also discusses important methodological issues in cross-linguistic research, such as the choices of linguistic material and experimental procedures. It also shows how cross-linguistic research can be pursued in either a monolingual or multilingual approach. This volume contains contributions from experimental and theoretical psycholinguists, and computational researchers. Audience: The book is recommended reading for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in psycholinguistics, linguistics and computational linguisitics, as well as practising researchers in the same fields.

Processing and Producing Head-final Structures

Processing and Producing Head-final Structures

Author: Hiroko Yamashita

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048192137

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 407

View: 890

This book is the first collection of studies on an important yet under-investigated linguistic phenomenon, the processing and production of head-final syntactic structures. Until now, the remarkable progress made in the field of human sentence processing had been achieved largely by investigating head-initial languages such as English. The goal of the present volume is to deepen our understanding by examining head-final languages and offering a comparison of those results to findings from head-initial languages. This book brings together cross-linguistic investigations of languages with prominent head-final structures such as Basque, Chinese, German, Japanese, Korean, and Hindi. It will inform readers of linguistics with both theoretical and experimental backgrounds, as it provides accounts of previous studies, offers experimentally-based theoretical discussions, and includes experimental stimuli in the original languages.

Working Memory in Sentence Comprehension

Working Memory in Sentence Comprehension

Author: Shravan Vasishth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135886141

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 172

View: 348

The first-ever investigation of sentence processing in Hindi, Working Memory in Sentence Comprehension studies the predictions of three existing, wide-coverage sentence processing models. In experiments that apply these models to Hindi, Shravan Vasishth develops a new sentence processing model that builds on existing theories and overcomes their empirical problems. Advancing the understanding of human parsing processes, this book is a landmark in cross-linguistic research, presenting a challenging set of sentence processing facts that will impact future theories.