Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs

Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs

Author: Mark Chang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498717472

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 223

All the Essentials to Start Using Adaptive Designs in No TimeCompared to traditional clinical trial designs, adaptive designs often lead to increased success rates in drug development at reduced costs and time. Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs: A Practical Guide with R motivates newcomers to quickly and easily grasp the essence of adaptive desig

Bayesian Designs for Phase I-II Clinical Trials

Bayesian Designs for Phase I-II Clinical Trials

Author: Ying Yuan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498709569

Category: Mathematics

Page: 310

View: 522

Reliably optimizing a new treatment in humans is a critical first step in clinical evaluation since choosing a suboptimal dose or schedule may lead to failure in later trials. At the same time, if promising preclinical results do not translate into a real treatment advance, it is important to determine this quickly and terminate the clinical evaluation process to avoid wasting resources. Bayesian Designs for Phase I–II Clinical Trials describes how phase I–II designs can serve as a bridge or protective barrier between preclinical studies and large confirmatory clinical trials. It illustrates many of the severe drawbacks with conventional methods used for early-phase clinical trials and presents numerous Bayesian designs for human clinical trials of new experimental treatment regimes. Written by research leaders from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, this book shows how Bayesian designs for early-phase clinical trials can explore, refine, and optimize new experimental treatments. It emphasizes the importance of basing decisions on both efficacy and toxicity.

Statistical Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials

Statistical Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials

Author: Weichung Joe Shih

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482250503

Category: Mathematics

Page: 244

View: 425

Statistical Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials: Principles and Methods concentrates on the biostatistics component of clinical trials. Developed from the authors' courses taught to public health and medical students, residents, and fellows during the past 15 years, the text shows how biostatistics in clinical trials is an integration of many fu

Design & Analysis of Clinical Trials for Economic Evaluation & Reimbursement

Design & Analysis of Clinical Trials for Economic Evaluation & Reimbursement

Author: Iftekhar Khan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466505483

Category: Mathematics

Page: 339

View: 801

Economic evaluation has become an essential component of clinical trial design to show that new treatments and technologies offer value to payers in various healthcare systems. Although many books exist that address the theoretical or practical aspects of cost-effectiveness analysis, this book differentiates itself from the competition by detailing

Modern Adaptive Randomized Clinical Trials

Modern Adaptive Randomized Clinical Trials

Author: Oleksandr Sverdlov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482239898

Category: Mathematics

Page: 533

View: 433

Is adaptive randomization always better than traditional fixed-schedule randomization? Which procedures should be used and under which circumstances? What special considerations are required for adaptive randomized trials? What kind of statistical inference should be used to achieve valid and unbiased treatment comparisons following adaptive random

Repeated Measures Design with Generalized Linear Mixed Models for Randomized Controlled Trials

Repeated Measures Design with Generalized Linear Mixed Models for Randomized Controlled Trials

Author: Toshiro Tango

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351648141

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 913

Repeated Measures Design with Generalized Linear Mixed Models for Randomized Controlled Trials is the first book focused on the application of generalized linear mixed models and its related models in the statistical design and analysis of repeated measures from randomized controlled trials. The author introduces a new repeated measures design called S:T design combined with mixed models as a practical and useful framework of parallel group RCT design because of easy handling of missing data and sample size reduction. The book emphasizes practical, rather than theoretical, aspects of statistical analyses and the interpretation of results. It includes chapters in which the author describes some old-fashioned analysis designs that have been in the literature and compares the results with those obtained from the corresponding mixed models. The book will be of interest to biostatisticians, researchers, and graduate students in the medical and health sciences who are involved in clinical trials. Author Website: Data sets and programs used in the book are available at http://www.medstat.jp/downloadrepeatedcrc.html

Multiregional Clinical Trials for Simultaneous Global New Drug Development

Multiregional Clinical Trials for Simultaneous Global New Drug Development

Author: Joshua Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498701488

Category: Mathematics

Page: 375

View: 371

In a global clinical development strategy, multiregional clinical trials (MRCTs) are vital in the development of innovative medicines. Multiregional Clinical Trials for Simultaneous Global New Drug Development presents a comprehensive overview on the current status of conducting MRCTs in clinical development. International experts from academia, in

Analyzing Longitudinal Clinical Trial Data

Analyzing Longitudinal Clinical Trial Data

Author: Craig Mallinckrodt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351737692

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 122

Analyzing Longitudinal Clinical Trial Data: A Practical Guide provides practical and easy to implement approaches for bringing the latest theory on analysis of longitudinal clinical trial data into routine practice.The book, with its example-oriented approach that includes numerous SAS and R code fragments, is an essential resource for statisticians and graduate students specializing in medical research. The authors provide clear descriptions of the relevant statistical theory and illustrate practical considerations for modeling longitudinal data. Topics covered include choice of endpoint and statistical test; modeling means and the correlations between repeated measurements; accounting for covariates; modeling categorical data; model verification; methods for incomplete (missing) data that includes the latest developments in sensitivity analyses, along with approaches for and issues in choosing estimands; and means for preventing missing data. Each chapter stands alone in its coverage of a topic. The concluding chapters provide detailed advice on how to integrate these independent topics into an over-arching study development process and statistical analysis plan.

Statistical Topics in Health Economics and Outcomes Research

Statistical Topics in Health Economics and Outcomes Research

Author: Demissie Alemayehu, PhD

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498781886

Category: Mathematics

Page: 190

View: 460

With ever-rising healthcare costs, evidence generation through Health Economics and Outcomes Research (HEOR) plays an increasingly important role in decision-making about the allocation of resources. Accordingly, it is now customary for health technology assessment and reimbursement agencies to request for HEOR evidence, in addition to data from clinical trials, to inform decisions about patient access to new treatment options. While there is a great deal of literature on HEOR, there is a need for a volume that presents a coherent and unified review of the major issues that arise in application, especially from a statistical perspective. Statistical Topics in Health Economics and Outcomes Research fulfils that need by presenting an overview of the key analytical issues and best practice. Special attention is paid to key assumptions and other salient features of statistical methods customarily used in the area, and appropriate and relatively comprehensive references are made to emerging trends. The content of the book is purposefully designed to be accessible to readers with basic quantitative backgrounds, while providing an in-depth coverage of relatively complex statistical issues. The book will make a very useful reference for researchers in the pharmaceutical industry, academia, and research institutions involved with HEOR studies. The targeted readers may include statisticians, data scientists, epidemiologists, outcomes researchers, health economists, and healthcare policy and decision-makers.

Clinical Trial Optimization Using R

Clinical Trial Optimization Using R

Author: Alex Dmitrienko

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498735087

Category: Mathematics

Page: 319

View: 256

Clinical Trial Optimization Using R explores a unified and broadly applicable framework for optimizing decision making and strategy selection in clinical development, through a series of examples and case studies. It provides the clinical researcher with a powerful evaluation paradigm, as well as supportive R tools, to evaluate and select among simultaneous competing designs or analysis options. It is applicable broadly to statisticians and other quantitative clinical trialists, who have an interest in optimizing clinical trials, clinical trial programs, or associated analytics and decision making. This book presents in depth the Clinical Scenario Evaluation (CSE) framework, and discusses optimization strategies, including the quantitative assessment of tradeoffs. A variety of common development challenges are evaluated as case studies, and used to show how this framework both simplifies and optimizes strategy selection. Specific settings include optimizing adaptive designs, multiplicity and subgroup analysis strategies, and overall development decision-making criteria around Go/No-Go. After this book, the reader will be equipped to extend the CSE framework to their particular development challenges as well.

Clinical Trial Data Analysis Using R and SAS

Clinical Trial Data Analysis Using R and SAS

Author: Ding-Geng (Din) Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498779531

Category: Mathematics

Page: 378

View: 108

Review of the First Edition "The goal of this book, as stated by the authors, is to fill the knowledge gap that exists between developed statistical methods and the applications of these methods. Overall, this book achieves the goal successfully and does a nice job. I would highly recommend it ...The example-based approach is easy to follow and makes the book a very helpful desktop reference for many biostatistics methods."—Journal of Statistical Software Clinical Trial Data Analysis Using R and SAS, Second Edition provides a thorough presentation of biostatistical analyses of clinical trial data with step-by-step implementations using R and SAS. The book’s practical, detailed approach draws on the authors’ 30 years’ experience in biostatistical research and clinical development. The authors develop step-by-step analysis code using appropriate R packages and functions and SAS PROCS, which enables readers to gain an understanding of the analysis methods and R and SAS implementation so that they can use these two popular software packages to analyze their own clinical trial data. What’s New in the Second Edition Adds SAS programs along with the R programs for clinical trial data analysis. Updates all the statistical analysis with updated R packages. Includes correlated data analysis with multivariate analysis of variance. Applies R and SAS to clinical trial data from hypertension, duodenal ulcer, beta blockers, familial andenomatous polyposis, and breast cancer trials. Covers the biostatistical aspects of various clinical trials, including treatment comparisons, time-to-event endpoints, longitudinal clinical trials, and bioequivalence trials.