Whilst milk fat has always been appreciated for its flavour, the market had suffered from concerns over cardiovascular diseases associated with the consumption of animal fats. However, recent clinical studies have indicated benefits, particularly in relation to conjugated linoleic acids (CLA), in the prevention of certain diseases. The range of spreads has also increased, including the addition of probiotic organisms and/or plant extracts to reduce serum cholesterol levels. The primary aim of this publication is to detail the state-of-the-art manufacturing methods for: Cream Butter Yellow fat spreads, both pure milk fat based and mixtures with other fats Anhydrous milk fat and its derivatives Coverage of the manufacturing technologies is complemented by examinations of the relevant nutrition issues and analytical methods. The authors, who are all specialists in their fields in respect to these products, have been chosen from around the world. It is hoped that the book will provide a valuable reference work for dairy scientists and technologists within the dairy industry and those with similar processing requirements, as well as researchers and students, thus becoming an important component of the SDT’s Technical Series. The Editor Dr Adnan Y. Tamime is a Consultant in Dairy Science and Technology, Ayr, UK. He is the Series Editor of the SDT’s Technical Book Series. For information regarding the SDT, please contact Maurice Walton, Executive Director, Society of Dairy Technology, P.O. Box 12, Appleby in Westmorland CA16 6YJ, UK. email: [email protected] Also available from Wiley-Blackwell Milk Processing and Quality Management Edited by A.Y. Tamime ISBN 978 1 4051 4530 5 Cleaning-in-Place Edited by A.Y. Tamime ISBN 978 1 4051 5503 8 Advanced Dairy Science and Technology Edited by T. Britz and R. Robinson ISBN 978 1 4051 3618 1 International Journal of Dairy Technology Published quarterly Print ISSN: 1364 727X Online ISSN: 1471 0307
THE ONLY SINGLE-SOURCE GUIDE TO THE LATEST SCIENCE, NUTRITION, AND APPLICATIONS OF ALL THE NON-BOVINE MILKS CONSUMED AROUND THE WORLD Featuring contributions by an international team of dairy and nutrition experts, this second edition of the popular Handbook of Milk of Non-Bovine Mammals provides comprehensive coverage of milk and dairy products derived from all non-bovine dairy species. Milks derived from domesticated dairy species other than the cow are an essential dietary component for many countries around the world. Especially in developing and under-developed countries, milks from secondary dairy species are essential sources of nutrition for humanity. Due to the unavailability of cow milk and the low consumption of meat, the milks of non-bovine species such as goat, buffalo, sheep, horse, camel, Zebu, Yak, mare and reindeer are critical daily food sources of protein, phosphate and calcium. Furthermore, because of hypoallergenic properties of certain species milk including goats, mare and camel are increasingly recommended as substitutes in diets for those who suffer from cow milk allergies. This book: Discusses key aspects of non-bovine milk production, including raw milk production in various regions worldwide Describes the compositional, nutritional, therapeutic, physio-chemical, and microbiological characteristics of all non-bovine milks Addresses processing technologies as well as various approaches to the distribution and consumption of manufactured milk products Expounds characteristics of non-bovine species milks relative to those of human milk, including nutritional, allergenic, immunological, health and cultural factors Features six new chapters, including one focusing on the use of non-bovine species milk components in the manufacture of infant formula products. Thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the many advances that have occurred in the dairy industry since the publication of the acclaimed first edition, Handbook of Milk of Non-Bovine Mammals, 2nd Edition is an essential reference for dairy scientists, nutritionists, food chemists, animal scientists, allergy specialists, health professionals, and allied professionals.
Previous editions of Yoghurt: Science and Technology established the text as an essential reference underpinning the production of yoghurt of consistently high quality. The book has been completely revised and updated to produce this third edition, which combines coverage of recent developments in scientific understanding with information about established methods of best practice to achieve a comprehensive treatment of the subject. General acceptance of a more liberal definition by the dairy industry of the term yoghurt has also warranted coverage in the new edition of a larger variety of gelled or viscous fermented milk products, containing a wider range of cultures. Developments in the scientific aspects of yoghurt covered in this new edition include polysaccharide production by starter culture bacteria and its effects on gel structure, acid gel formation and advances in the analysis of yoghurt in terms of its chemistry, rheology and microbiology. Significant advances in technology are also outlined, for example automation and mechanisation. There has also been progress in understanding the nutritional profile of yoghurt and details of clinical trials involving yoghurts are described. This book is a unique and essential reference to students, researchers and manufacturers in the dairy industry. Includes developments in the understanding of the biochemical changes involved in yoghurt production Outlines significant technological advances in mechanisation and automation Discusses the nutritional value of yoghurt
Feta cheese has become popular in recent years as part of a broad consumer demand for ethnic foods which are perceived to be natural, wholesome, and tasty. Today Feta cheese is readily available in the cheese section of most food retailers. This book provides a detailed guide to Feta and other white brined cheese: raw materials, processes, manufacture, equipment, and packaging. Both traditional and modern industrial methods are covered. Specifications, chemistry, microbiology and sensory considerations are also examined. The book is well illustrated with flow charts, diagrams, photographs and microphotographs. Extensive technical reference data is provided in the many tables. The authors are all specialists in cheese and other dairy products. This is a basic guide and reference for dairy product and other food product personnel involved in product development and processing. Copies are now available for prompt delivery. An order form follows the detailed table of contents on the reverse. From the Preface White brined cheeses are the main varieties of cheese consumed in the Middle East and along the shores of the Mediterranean, and yet the literature describing the manufacture and/or properties of the major types is extremely sparse. The aim of this book is to provide a detailed guide to the cheeses in this category, and to review the available information relating to their production, their maturation and their distribution to the consumer. In most cases, the cheese are still produced on a small scale, and only one variety, Feta, has achieved real popularity outside its land of origin. One of the reasons for this single success is the degree of mechanization that can now be employed in the manufacture of Feta, including the latest technological developments such as ultra-filtration.
The demand for quality milk products is increasing throughout the world. Food patterns are changing from eating plant protein to animal protein due to increasing incomes around the world, and the production of milk and milk products is expanding with leaps and bounds. This book presents an array of recent developments and emerging topics in the processing and manufacturing of milk and dairy products. The volume also devotes a special section on alternative energy sources for dairy production along with solutions for energy conservation. With contributions for leading scientists and researchers in the field of dairy science and technology, this valuable compendium covers innovative techniques in dairy engineering processing methods and their applications in dairy industry energy use in dairy engineering: sources, conservation, and requirements In line with the modern industrial trends, new processes and corresponding new equipment are reviewed. The volume also looks at the development of highly sensitive measuring and control devices have made it possible to incorporate automatic operation with high degree of mechanization to meet the huge demand of quality milk and milk products. Processing Technologies for Milk and Milk Products: Methods, Applications, and Energy Usage will be a valuable resource for those in those involved in the research and production of milk and milk products.
Highly profitable and an important range of products within the dairy industry worldwide, the economic importance of fermented milks continues to grow. Technological developments have led to a wider range of products and increased popularity with consumers. In the second book to feature in the SDT series Fermented Milks reviews the properties and manufacturing methods associated with products such as yoghurt, buttermilk, kefir, koumiss milk-based fermented beverages and many other examples from around the globe, offering the reader: A practically-oriented and user-friendly guide Key commercially important information Coverage of all the major stages of manufacture Background to each product Edited by Adnan Tamime, with contributions from international authors and full of core commercially useful information for the dairy industry, this book is an essential title for dairy scientists, dairy technologists and nutritionists worldwide.
Provides the most recent developments in microscopy techniques and types of analysis used to study the microstructure of dairy products This comprehensive and timely text focuses on the microstructure analyses of dairy products as well as on detailed microstructural aspects of them. Featuring contributions from a global team of experts, it offers great insight into the understanding of different phenomena that relate to the functional and biochemical changes during processing and subsequent storage. Structured into two parts, Microstructure of Dairy Products begins with an overview of microscopy techniques and software used for microstructural analyses. It discusses, in detail, different types of the following techniques, such as: light microscopy (including bright field, polarized, and confocal scanning laser microscopy) and electron microscopy (mainly scanning and transmission electron microscopy). The description of these techniques also includes the staining procedures and sample preparation methods developed. Emerging microscopy techniques are also covered, reflecting the latest advances in this field. Part 2 of the book focuses on the microstructure of various dairy foods, dividing each into sections related to the microstructure of milk, cheeses, yogurts, powders, and fat products, ice cream and frozen dairy desserts, dairy powders and selected traditional Indian dairy products. In addition, there is a review of the localization of microorganism within the microstructure of various dairy products. The last chapter discusses the challenges and future trends of the microstructure of dairy products. Presents complete coverage of the latest developments in dairy product microscopy techniques Details the use of microscopy techniques in structural analysis An essential purchase for companies, researchers, and other professionals in the dairy sector Microstructure of Dairy Products is an excellent resource for food scientists, technologists, and chemists—and physicists, rheologists, and microscopists—who deal in dairy products.