In this wide-ranging and impressive work, Greenhalgh examines the evolution of China’s population policy in the post-Mao era. She notes that during the past thirty years the role of the state in managing China’s population and the bodies of its citizens has expanded enormously, involving efforts to promote women’s health, foster higher population ‘quality,’ and even combat infertility. If we want to understand the challenges that China’s rise presents to the rest of the world, we need to appreciate the centrality of all aspects of population management in the strategic thinking of Chinese elites. Cultivating Global Citizens provides a vital guide to this controversial terrain.
This book provides a balanced assessment of China’s communist rule, its viability as well as its prospect of democracy. The People's Congresses and Governance in China presents a complex but convincing analysis of the transformation of governance in China. As the first systemic and theoretical study of China’s provincial legislatures, it draws our attention to one of the most promising growth points in China’s changing constitutional order. Through in depth and first hand research, the author provides a comprehensive explanation about why the provincial legislatures have acquired institutional maturation and expanded power in the context of Chinese transitional political economy. The book portrays an innovative pattern of legislative development, sums up pragmatic local strategies for market creation, and identifies multiple dynamics for promoting accountability and democracy. Based upon the case study of provincial legislatures, Ming Xia reveals the formation of a new mode of governance in China’s national politics: the network structure featuring institutional arrangements and the mohe (co-operation through competition) pattern of interaction abided by the major power players. This volume will be of interest to parliamentary scholars and parliamentarians who are concerned with the role of parliaments in transitional politics and economies of both post-communist and developing countries. It will also appeal to students and researchers of Chinese politics, governance and Asian studies.
Leading scholars examine the Chinese government’s administration of its ethnic minority regions, particularly border areas where ethnicity is at times a volatile issue and where separatist movements are feared. Chapters focus on the Muslim Hui, multiethnic southwest China, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Tibet. Together these studies provide an overview of government relations with key minority populations, against which one can view evolving dialogues and disputes. Contributors are Gardner Bovington, David Bachman, Uradyn E. Bulag, Melvyn C. Goldstein, Mette Halskov Hansen, Matthew T. Kapstein, and Jonathan Lipman.
Can Science and Technology Save China? assesses the intimate connections between science and society in China, offering an in-depth look at how an array of sciences and technologies are being made, how they are interfacing with society, and with what effects. Focusing on critical domains of daily life, the chapters explore how scientists, technicians, surgeons, therapists, and other experts create practical knowledges and innovations, as well as how ordinary people take them up as they pursue the good life. Editors Greenhalgh and Zhang offer a rare, up-close view of the politics of Chinese science-making, showing how everyday logics, practices, and ethics of science, medicine, and technology are profoundly reshaping contemporary China. By foregrounding the notion of "governing through science," and the contested role of science and technology as instruments of change, this timely book addresses important questions regarding what counts as science in China, what science and technology can do to transform China, as well as their limits and unintended consequences.
"This compact narrative history of government institutions and their dialectical relation to society makes a perfect introduction to traditional China for political science, modern history, and comparative politics classes. The thesis, upheld by both specifics in lively prose and thought-provoking cross-period comparisons, is that unity, however valorized, always required hard work: military, political, and cultural creativity amidst ever-changing ethnic, class, and religious formations. Dardess also washes out old libels on non-Han, female, and eunuch power holders simply by recounting the facts." --S. Schneewind, University of California, San Diego
This book assesses the global significance of China’s decade-long campaign to reduce poverty. After showing how the country’s unique approach to poverty alleviation brought about unparalleled progress toward achieving both the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the authors shed light on how China’s experience can help other countries around the globe as they try to permanently rid humanity of the scourge of poverty under ever more challenging social, economic and environmental conditions.
This book is based on an empirical research on the governance and reform of the contemporary township system in China. It provides an insightful and innovative understanding of China's township system. The book consists of four parts. The first part discusses the historical changes, present situation and practical operation of China's township system. The second part compares several practice models of reform, and analyses the motivational forces, path and trend of the reform process. The third part studies the reconstruction of modern township governance system and other relevant institutional innovations. The fourth part focuses on the investigation and case analysis of the actual operation of the township system at multi-dimensional levels. Contents: China's Township System The Reform of China's Township System The Reconstruction of Modern Township Governance System Field Investigation Readership: Policy-makers, professionals, academics, undergraduates and graduate students interested in the governance and reform of China's township system. Keywords: Township System in China;Structural Reform;Governance in Rural ChinaReview: Key Features: Based on long-term research on the reform of China's township system First-hand material based on a large number of investigations Original propositions on the reform of China's township system
China's cities are subject to dramatic changes. Cities develop into Megacities, economic growth as well as the drastic increase of traffic contribute to a profound transformation of urban infrastructure. However, the processes are more visible than the stakeholders supporting such transformations. What are the location factors, spatial principles and planning philosophies that direct the cities' growth and reconstruction? The articles of this anthology investigate the above mentioned questions. Using various case studies, they analyse processes of location choice and transformation in Chinese coastal Megacities and in inland areas; they explore urban governance processes and - vice versa - also include the planning concepts of rural areas.--Back cover.
China has achieved significant socio-economic progress and has become a key player on the international stage after several decades of open-door and reform policy. Looking beyond China's transformation, this book focusses on the theme of governance which is widely regarded as the next most critical element to ensure that China's growth remains sustainable. Today, China is confronted with a host of pressing challenges that call for urgent attention. These include the need to rebalance and restructure the economy, the widening income gaps, the poor integration of migrant populations in the urban areas, insufficient public housing and healthcare coverage, the seeming lack of political reforms and the degree of environmental degradation. In the foreign policy arena, China is likewise under pressure to do more to address global concerns while not appearing to be overly aggressive. The next steps that China takes would have a great deal to do with governance, in terms of how it tackles or fails to address the myriad of challenges, both domestic and foreign. China: Development and Governance, with 57 short chapters in total, is based on up-to-date scholarly research written in a readable and concise style. Besides China's domestic developments, it also covers China's external relations with the United States, Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Non-specialists, in particular, should find this volume accessible and useful in keeping up with fast-changing developments in East Asia. Contents:EditorsPreface (WANG Gungwu and ZHENG Yongnian)The Art of Governance: Managing Rising Expectations:Introduction (CHEN Gang)China's Fifth Generation Leadership: Characteristics and Policies (BO Zhiyue)Debating Political Reform: Societal Pressures and Party-State Responses (WU Guoguang)Intra-Party Democracy in Practice: Balloting for City Leaders in Jiangsu (ZHENG Yongnian and CHEN Gang)Township Government Reform: Improving Local Governance? (TAN Qingshan)Innovations in China's Local Governance: An Assessment (XIA Ming)The Impact of Market on the Grassroots Organisations of the Chinese Communist Party (Lance L P GORE)China Struggles to Maintain Stability: Strengthening its Public Security Apparatus (XIE Yue and SHAN Wei)How Secure is China's Food Security? (John WONG)China's “New Deal” in Xinjiang and its Challenges (SHAN Wei and WENG Cuifen)The Chinese Leadership and the Internet (LYE Liang Fook and Lily HONG)Women's Political Participation in China (YANG Lijun and GUO Xiajuan)Enhancing and Re-Orienting Governance to Promote Sustainable Development:Introduction (Sarah Y TONG)China Coming to the End of its High Growth (John WONG and HUANG Yanjie)China's Economy after Three Decades of Reforms: A Systems Approach (Wolfgang KLENNER)Evolving Industrial Policies in China: A Governing Tool for Development and Restructuring (Sarah Y TONG)China's Regional Development Policies (YU Hong)The 12th Five-Year Programme: A Turning Point in China's Socio-Economic Development (John WONG)Shadow Banking in China: A Call for Financial Reforms (YAO Jielu and YANG Mu)The Rise of the Renminbi as International Currency (YANG Mu and YAO Jielu)China's Local Government Debts: Thorny but Manageable (YAO Jielu)China's State-Owned Enterprises: The Dilemma of Reform (HUANG Yanjie)An Update on China's Sovereign Wealth Fund: China Investment Corporation (Catherine CHONG Siew Keng)China's Economy Remains Highly Export-Oriented (Sarah Y TONG)Rethinking the Success of China's High-Tech Exports (XING Yuqing)China's Research and Development (WU Yanrui)Are Chinese Small and Medium Enterprises Victims of Institutional Pitfalls? (CHEN Shaofeng)China as a Newly Minted Upper Middle Income Country (LU Ding)China's Labour Shortage and its Implications (HUANG Yanjie)Can China Continue to Reap its Demographic Dividend in Economic Growth? (YAN Hao)Social Transformation, Stability and Governance:Introduction (ZHAO Litao)Chinese Working Class and Trade Unions: Transformation and Predicament in the Reform Era (QI Dongtao)China's Middle Class: Still in the Making (YANG Jing)China's New Rich Posing a Challenge to Social Stability (SHENG Sixin)Non-Governmental Organisations in China: Developments and Challenges (XU Ying)Chengzhongcun in China (ZHONG Sheng)China's Hukou Reform: The Guangdong and Shanghai Cases (Courtney FU Rong)Reinventing China's Health System (QIAN Jiwei)Meeting the Ageing Challenge: China's Social Care Policy for the Elderly (ZHANG Yanxia)China's Way to Good Housing Governance (ZHOU Zhihua)China Attracting Global Top Talent: Central and Local Government Initiatives (ZHU Jinjing)China's Higher Education Reform: The Issue of Governance (ZHAO Litao)Improving Local Governance without Democratisation: Community Building in Shanghai (SHI Fayong)Rising Trend of Labour Strikes: Tables Turned for Chinese Workers? (YEW Chiew Ping)China's External Relations and Global Governance:Introduction (LYE Liang Fook)China–US Relations: Coping with a US Pivot to the Asia-Pacific Region (LYE Liang Fook)Sino–Japanese Relations: Dark and Bright Spots in an Ambivalent Relationship (LAM Peng Er)China and India: The World is Big Enough for Both (ZHAO Hong)China–South Korea Relations and Implications for China in Global Governance: Some Notes after 20 Years of Relations (CHOO Jaewoo)Comrades No More: Beijing's Evolving North Korea Policy (YUAN Jingdong)China–ASEAN Relationship: An “Offer-Response” Analysis (WANG Yuzhu)China and Singapore: An Asymmetrical but Substantive Relationship (LYE Liang Fook)China and the EU: Will China Come to the Rescue of Troubled Economies? (Kjeld Erik BRØDSGAARD)China's Diplomacy in the Middle-East (CHEN Gang and Ryan CLARKE)Will the United States Desert Taiwan? (John F COPPER)Managing Cross-Strait Economic Relations (CHIANG Min-Hua)China and the Rise of the BRICS (Anthony P SPANAKOS)China's Soft Power: Growth and Limits (LAI Hongyi)China's Efforts to Enhance its Energy Security (ZHAO Hong)The South China Sea Disputes: Current State of Play and Future Prospects (Katherine TSENG Hui-Yi)China and Global Governance (PANG Zhongying and LYE Liang Fook)Index Readership: Academics and researchers interested in East Asian studies, students and professionals interested in gaining a deeper understanding of China, and people interested in the impact of China's policies. Keywords:Governance;Leadership Transition;Intra-Party Democracy;Hu Jintao;Wen Jiabao;Wu Bangguo;Xi Jinping;Li Keqiang;Zhou Yongkang;Politburo Standing Committee;Political Reform;Food Security;Village Elections;Internet;Women's Political Participation;Economic Rebalancing;Economic Restructuring;Domestic Consumption;Small And Medium Enterprises;Production Network;Scientific Outlook On Development;Social Management;Middle Class;Migrant Workers;Public Housing;Harmonious World;Peaceful Development;Global Warming;Climate Change;ASEAN;South China Sea;Diaoyutai Islands;Korean PeninsulaKey Features:Looks beyond China's rise by focusing on the state of governance in China which will critically affect the trajectory of China's growth in years to comeProvides readers with a comprehensive sweep of the challenges that leaders in China have to grapple with by grouping the chapters under four main headings (political, economic, social and foreign policy dimensions)Written in a friendly and concise style intended for non-specialists who are interested in bringing themselves up to speed with the latest developments in China, Japan and KoreaReviews: "This is a remarkable book. The editors deserve much credit in selecting the important topics concerning China's economic, social and political-international developments in the framework of governance. They have assembled a large number of authors (mostly from the East Asian institute of the University of Singapore but also from Australia, China and the US) to write individual chapters that are well researched, concise and clearly written. This is the most comprehensive and useful reference for anyone interested in understanding China in such a broad perspective." Professor Gregory C Chow Princeton University
The success or failure of China's development will impact not only its own citizens but also those of the world. China is widely recognized as a global actor on the world stage and no global challenge can be resolved without its participation. Thus, it is important to understand how the country is ruled and what the policy priorities are of the new leadership. Can China move to a more market-based economy, while controlling environmental degradation? Can it integrate hundreds of millions of new migrants into the urban landscape? The tensions between communist and capitalist identities continue to divide society as China searches for a path to modernization. The People's Republic is now over 65 years old – an appropriate juncture at which to reassess the state of contemporary Chinese politics. In this substantially revised fourth edition and essential guide to the subject, Tony Saich delivers a thorough introduction to all aspects of politics and governance in post-Mao China, taking full account of the changes of the 18th Party Congress and the 12th National People's Congress. Further, the rise of Xi Jinping to power and his policies are examined as are important policy areas such as urbanization and the fight against corruption.