Ends and Means in Policing

Ends and Means in Policing

Author: John Kleinig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429677984

Category: Social Science

Page: 126

View: 236

Policing is a highly pragmatic occupation. It is designed to achieve the important social ends of peacekeeping and public safety, and is empowered to do so using means that are ordinarily seen as problematic; that is, the use of force, deception, and invasions of privacy, along with considerable discretion. It is often suggested that the ends of policing justify the use of otherwise problematic means, but do they? This book explores this question from a philosophical perspective. The relationship between ends and means has a long and contested history both in moral/practical reasoning and public policy. Looking at this history through the lens of policing, criminal justice philosopher John Kleinig explores the dialectic of ends and means (whether the ends justify the means, or whether the ends never justify the means) and offers a new, sharpened perspective on police ethics. After tracing the various ways in which ends and means may be construed, the book surveys a series of increasingly concrete issues, focusing especially on those that arise in policing contexts. The competing moral demands made by ends and means culminate in considerations of noble cause corruption, dirty hands theory, lesser degradations (such as tear gas, tasers, chokeholds, and so on), and finally, those means deemed impermissible by the majority in Western culture, such as torture.

Ends and Means in Policing

Ends and Means in Policing

Author: John Kleinig

Publisher: Innovations in Policing

ISBN: 0367530163

Category: Ends and means

Page: 126

View: 554

Policing is a highly pragmatic occupation. It is designed to achieve the important social ends of peacekeeping and public safety, and is empowered to do so using means that are ordinarily seen as problematic; that is, the use of force, deception, and invasions of privacy, along with considerable discretion. It is often suggested that the ends of policing justify the use of otherwise problematic means, but do they? This book explores this question from a philosophical perspective. The relationship between ends and means has a long and contested history both in moral/practical reasoning and public policy. Looking at this history through the lens of policing, criminal justice philosopher John Kleinig explores the dialectic of ends and means (whether the ends justify the means, or whether the ends never justify the means) and offers a new, sharpened perspective on police ethics. After tracing the various ways in which ends and means may be construed, the book surveys a series of increasingly concrete issues, focusing especially on those that arise in policing contexts. The competing moral demands made by ends and means culminate in considerations of noble cause corruption, dirty hands theory, lesser degradations (such as tear gas, tasers, chokeholds, and so on), and finally, those means deemed impermissible by the majority in Western culture, such as torture.

The Police Identity Crisis

The Police Identity Crisis

Author: Luke William Hunt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000385465

Category: Philosophy

Page: 170

View: 573

This book provides a comprehensive examination of the police role from within a broader philosophical context. Contending that the police are in the midst of an identity crisis that exacerbates unjustified law enforcement tactics, Luke William Hunt examines various major conceptions of the police—those seeing them as heroes, warriors, and guardians. The book looks at the police role considering the overarching societal goal of justice and seeks to present a synthetic theory that draws upon history, law, society, psychology, and philosophy. Each major conception of the police role is examined in light of how it affects the pursuit of justice, and how it may be contrary to seeking justice holistically and collectively. The book sets forth a conception of the police role that is consistent with the basic values of a constitutional democracy in the liberal tradition. Hunt’s intent is that clarifying the police role will likewise elucidate any constraints upon policing strategies, including algorithmic strategies such as predictive policing. This book is essential reading for thoughtful policing and legal scholars as well as those interested in political philosophy, political theory, psychology, and related areas. Now more than ever, the nature of the police role is a philosophical topic that is relevant not just to police officials and social scientists, but to everyone.

The End of Policing

The End of Policing

Author: Alex S. Vitale

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 9781784782924

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 386

LOS ANGELES TIMES BESTSELLER The problem is not overpolicing, it is policing itself. Why we need to defund the police and how we get there. Recent weeks have seen an explosion of protest against police brutality and repression. Among activists, journalists and politicians, the conversation about how to respond and improve policing has focused on accountability, diversity, training, and community relations. Unfortunately, these reforms will not produce results, either alone or in combination. The core of the problem must be addressed: the nature of modern policing itself. This book attempts to spark public discussion by revealing the tainted origins of modern policing as a tool of social control. It shows how the expansion of police authority is inconsistent with community empowerment, social justice— even public safety. Drawing on groundbreaking research from across the world, and covering virtually every area in the increasingly broad range of police work, Alex Vitale demonstrates how law enforcement has come to exacerbate the very problems it is supposed to solve. In contrast, there are places where the robust implementation of policing alternatives—such as legalization, restorative justice, and harm reduction—has led to a decrease in crime, spending, and injustice. The best solution to bad policing may be an end to policing.

Police Innovation and Control of the Police

Police Innovation and Control of the Police

Author: David Weisburd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461383123

Category: Social Science

Page: 223

View: 834

Police Innovation and Control of the Police: Problems of Law, Order and Community brings together an impressive array of scholars and analysts to examine the impact of the development of crime control strategies on problems of police corruption and abuse. The text provides an historical overview of the development of legal control of the police, and examines the challenges that recent innovations, such as community or problem oriented policing present to the traditional, historical mechanisms for maintaining control of the police. Additionally, a comparative perspective is featured that draws upon the experiences of the Gorbachev era in the Soviet Union as well as on the history of European law enforcement over the last century. This book is instrumental for encouraging discussion and debate of police innovation and its impact on the ability of society to control the police abuse. In light of the Los Angeles riots of the Spring of 1992, scholars, practitioners, and students of crime prevention studies, criminology, and psychology will find this volume timely, topical, and provocative.

The Exclusionary Rule of Evidence

The Exclusionary Rule of Evidence

Author: Asst Prof Kuo-hsing Hsieh

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781472410672

Category: Law

Page: 265

View: 412

This book argues the need for the establishment of an exclusionary rule of evidence in China as a means of protecting the people from police wrongdoing. In support of the argument and as a means of developing a suitable process, the author takes a comparative approach to the foundation and development of the exclusionary rule in the UK and the USA, whilst also exploring the issues that may arise in transferring the rule from one legal system to another.

Abstracts on Police Science

Abstracts on Police Science

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3868478

Category: Crime

Page: 612

View: 741

An international abstracting service covering police science, the forensic sciences and forensic medicine.

English Previous Year Questions Chapterwise POLICE CONSTABLE

English Previous Year Questions Chapterwise POLICE CONSTABLE

Author: Mocktime Publication

Publisher: by Mocktime Publication

ISBN:

Category: Study Aids

Page:

View: 888

English Previous Year Questions Chapterwise POLICE CONSTABLE andhra pradesh, arunachal pradesh, assam, bihar, chhattisgarh, goa, gujarat, haryana, himachal pradesh, jammu and kashmir, jharkhand, karnataka, kerala, madhya pradesh, maharashtra, manipur, meghalaya, mizoram, nagaland, odisha, punjab, rajasthan, sikkim, tamil nadu, telangana, tripura, uttar pradesh, uttarakhand, west bengal, chandigarh, delhi, lakshadweep, puducherry (pondicherry), , last year previous year solved papers, online practice test papers mock test papers, computer based practice sets, online test series, exam guide manual books, gk, general knowledge awareness, Englishematics quantitative aptitude, reasoning, english, previous year questions mcqs

Seven Highly Effective Police Leaders

Seven Highly Effective Police Leaders

Author: Brandon Kooi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000465242

Category: Law

Page: 438

View: 549

This book provides a valuable addition to the policing literature by detailing the backgrounds and histories of seven important police leaders: Teddy Roosevelt, August Vollmer, O.W. Wilson, Penny Harrington, Bill Bratton, Chuck Ramsey, and Chris Magnus. Seven Highly Effective Police Leaders teaches important history, highlighting the impact on the evolution of American policing by academia and social science. Each historical biography demonstrates the importance of each leader’s decision-making and how it continues to shape the future of U.S. law enforcement. Readers are informed about each police leader's background and how their leadership was shaped by the political and historical environments in which they led. The book is useful for educational courses in policing, American history, leadership, and strategic planning. Additionally, the general public will find this book insightful regarding contemporary mass social justice protests linked to the unique history of the United States.

Predictive Policing and Artificial Intelligence

Predictive Policing and Artificial Intelligence

Author: John McDaniel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429560385

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 887

This edited text draws together the insights of numerous worldwide eminent academics to evaluate the condition of predictive policing and artificial intelligence (AI) as interlocked policy areas. Predictive and AI technologies are growing in prominence and at an unprecedented rate. Powerful digital crime mapping tools are being used to identify crime hotspots in real-time, as pattern-matching and search algorithms are sorting through huge police databases populated by growing volumes of data in an eff ort to identify people liable to experience (or commit) crime, places likely to host it, and variables associated with its solvability. Facial and vehicle recognition cameras are locating criminals as they move, while police services develop strategies informed by machine learning and other kinds of predictive analytics. Many of these innovations are features of modern policing in the UK, the US and Australia, among other jurisdictions. AI promises to reduce unnecessary labour, speed up various forms of police work, encourage police forces to more efficiently apportion their resources, and enable police officers to prevent crime and protect people from a variety of future harms. However, the promises of predictive and AI technologies and innovations do not always match reality. They often have significant weaknesses, come at a considerable cost and require challenging trade- off s to be made. Focusing on the UK, the US and Australia, this book explores themes of choice architecture, decision- making, human rights, accountability and the rule of law, as well as future uses of AI and predictive technologies in various policing contexts. The text contributes to ongoing debates on the benefits and biases of predictive algorithms, big data sets, machine learning systems, and broader policing strategies and challenges. Written in a clear and direct style, this book will appeal to students and scholars of policing, criminology, crime science, sociology, computer science, cognitive psychology and all those interested in the emergence of AI as a feature of contemporary policing.

Caging Borders and Carceral States

Caging Borders and Carceral States

Author: Robert T. Chase

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469651255

Category: Social Science

Page: 441

View: 499

This volume considers the interconnection of racial oppression in the U.S. South and West, presenting thirteen case studies that explore the ways in which citizens and migrants alike have been caged, detained, deported, and incarcerated, and what these practices tell us about state building, converging and coercive legal powers, and national sovereignty. As these studies depict the institutional development and state scaffolding of overlapping carceral regimes, they also consider how prisoners and immigrants resisted such oppression and violence by drawing on the transnational politics of human rights and liberation, transcending the isolation of incarceration, detention, deportation and the boundaries of domestic law. Contributors: Dan Berger, Ethan Blue, George T. Diaz, David Hernandez, Kelly Lytle Hernandez, Pippa Holloway, Volker Janssen, Talitha L. LeFlouria, Heather McCarty, Douglas K. Miller, Vivien Miller, Donna Murch, and Keramet Ann Reiter.