After the Caliphate

After the Caliphate

Author: Colin P. Clarke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781509533893

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 981

In 2014, the declaration of the Islamic State caliphate was hailed as a major victory by the global jihadist movement. But it was short-lived. Three years on, the caliphate was destroyed, leaving its surviving fighters – many of whom were foreign recruits – to retreat and scatter across the globe. So what happens now? Is this the beginning of the end of IS? Or can it adapt and regroup after the physical fall of the caliphate? In this timely analysis, terrorism expert Colin P. Clarke takes stock of IS – its roots, its evolution, and its monumental setbacks – to assess the road ahead. The caliphate, he argues, was an anomaly. The future of the global jihadist movement will look very much like its past – with peripatetic and divided groups of militants dispersing to new battlefields, from North Africa to Southeast Asia, where they will join existing civil wars, establish safe havens and sanctuaries, and seek ways of conducting spectacular attacks in the West that inspire new followers. In this fragmented and atomized form, Clarke cautions, IS could become even more dangerous and challenging for counterterrorism forces, as its splinter groups threaten renewed and heightened violence across the globe.

Terrorism and Counterterrorism After the Caliphate

Terrorism and Counterterrorism After the Caliphate

Author: Afshin Ellian

Publisher:

ISBN: 9462361592

Category: Caliphate

Page: 288

View: 542

The Islamic State (ISIS) perplexed the world when its leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi declared a caliphate in 2014. This declaration was not just followed by territorial expansion, but also by several new developments in terrorism's actors, ideology, methods and geopolitics. Terrorism and Counterterrorism after the Caliphate analyzes these new developments in terrorism and counterterrorism in the wake of the ISIS-caliphate. This multidisciplinary volume combines legal, philosophical and international relations perspectives in two main lines of inquiry. First, the concepts relevant to terrorism and counter-terrorism studies are analyzed, such as the status of the 'caliphate', the role of 'ideology' and the links with 'militant democracy'. Second, country-specific contributions discuss the latest developments in terrorism and counterterrorism in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy and the United States. Terrorism and Counterterrorism after the Caliphate is essential reading for researchers and policy makers alike, grappling with the postcaliphate world of terrorism. The book constitutes a timely follow-up to earlier volumes in which Leiden Jurisprudence researchers collaborated with other Dutch and international scholars on the issues of terrorism, counter-terrorism and militant democracy: Terrorism: Ideology, Law and Policy (2011), The State of Exception and Militant Democracy in a Time of Terror (2012) and Militant Democracy - Political Science, Law and Philosophy (2018).

Terrorism and Counterterrorism After the Caliphate

Terrorism and Counterterrorism After the Caliphate

Author: Afshin Ellian

Publisher:

ISBN: 9059316487

Category:

Page:

View: 679

The Islamic State (ISIS) perplexed the world when its leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi declared a caliphate in 2014. This declaration was not just followed by territorial expansion, but also by several new developments in terrorism's actors, ideology, methods and geopolitics. Terrorism and Counterterrorism after the Caliphate analyzes these new developments in terrorism and counterterrorism in the wake of the ISIS-caliphate. This multidisciplinary volume combines legal, philosophical and international relations perspectives in two main lines of inquiry. First, the concepts relevant to terrorism and counter-terrorism studies are analyzed, such as the status of the 'caliphate', the role of 'ideology' and the links with 'militant democracy'. Second, country-specific contributions discuss the latest developments in terrorism and counterterrorism in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy and the United States. Terrorism and Counterterrorism after the Caliphate is essential reading for researchers and policy makers alike, grappling with the postcaliphate world of terrorism. The book constitutes a timely follow-up to earlier volumes in which Leiden Jurisprudence researchers collaborated with other Dutch and international scholars on the issues of terrorism, counter-terrorism and militant democracy: Terrorism: Ideology, Law and Policy (2011), The State of Exception and Militant Democracy in a Time of Terror (2012) and Militant Democracy - Political Science, Law and Philosophy (2018). Afshin Ellian is Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University. His latest book is Reflections on Democracy in the European Union (2020, as coeditor). Bastiaan Rijpkema is Associate Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University. His most recent book is Militant Democracy: The Limits of Democratic Tolerance (2018). Gelijn Molier is Associate Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University. In 2018 he co-edited Strijd om de democratie: essays over democratische zelfverdediging [Struggle for democracy: essays on democratic selfdefense] Bron: Flaptekst, uitgeversinformatie.

Hammer of the Caliphate

Hammer of the Caliphate

Author: Dave Dilegge

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781984517197

Category: Political Science

Page: 630

View: 985

Part of the Small Wars Journal (SWJ) Anthology, Hammer of the Caliphate is a continuation of previous works on the Islamic State, Al-Qaeda, and their affiliate groups. The anthology title is a play on words related to the fifteenth-century treatise Malleus Maleficarum (Hammer of the Witches). Given the Islamic State’s predisposition for engaging in heinous acts and barbaric atrocities in the name of their apocalyptic god, one derived from a perverted version of what mainstream Islam is today, declaring IS anathema to our modern world seems only fitting. The work represents the fifth volume in the SWJ series of radical Islamist-focused anthologies.

The Caliphate

The Caliphate

Author: Hugh Kennedy

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141981413

Category: Religion

Page: 400

View: 321

What is a caliphate? Who can be caliph? And how are contemporary ideologues such as ISIS reviving - and abusing - the term today? In the first modern account of a subject of critical importance today, acclaimed historian Hugh Kennedy answers these questions by chronicling the rich history of the caliphate, from the death of Muhammad to the present. At its height, the caliphate stretched from Spain to China and was the most powerful political entity in western Eurasia. In an era when Paris and London boasted a few thousand inhabitants, Baghdad and Cairo were sophisticated centres of trade and culture, and the Ummayad and Abbasid caliphates were distinguished by extraordinary advances in science, medicine and architecture. By ending with the recent re-emergence of caliphal ideology within fundamentalist Islam, The Caliphate underscores why it is crucial that we understand this form of Islamic government before groups such as ISIS distort its practice completely.

The Fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba

The Fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba

Author: Peter C. Scales

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004098682

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 696

This book throws the weight of historical expertise into an analysis of a crucial and yet often-neglected period of Spanish history, the breakup of the Muslim Caliphate of Cordoba in the early eleventh century.

The Succession to Muhammad

The Succession to Muhammad

Author: Wilferd Madelung

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521646960

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 608

In a comprehensive study of early Islamic history, Wilferd Madelung examines the conflict which developed after Muhammad's death for the leadership of the Muslim community. He pursues the history of this conflict through the reign of the four 'Rightly Guided' caliphs to its climax in the first inter-Muslim war. The outcome of the war, which marked the demise of the reign of the Early Companions, resulted in the lasting schism between Sunnite and Shi'ite Islam. Contrary to recent scholarly trends, the author brings out Ali's early claim to legitimate succession, which gained support from the Shi'a, and offers a convincing reinterpretation of early Islamic history. This book will make a major contribution to the debate over succession. Wilferd Madelung's book The Succession to Muhammad has been awarded the Best Book of the Year prize by the Islamic Republic of Iran for the year 1997.

Confronting the Caliphate

Confronting the Caliphate

Author: Isak Svensson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197605622

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 105

Jihadist rebel groups that take control over a territory, claim authority over its population, and implement radical religious laws have become a rising security issue over the last decade. Generally brutal and authoritarian, the best-known manifestation of this phenomenon is the Islamic State (IS). While the IS has been decimated in the last few years, most analysts agree that the problem of jihadist violence is far from over, and that the IS may very well re-configure itself in a not so distant future. Moreover, beyond Iraq and Syria, the security threat posed by violent jihadism remains an acute issue. Yet no one has hitherto systematically explored the potential for civil resistance against jihadist armed groups. In Confronting the Caliphate, Isak Svensson and co-authors Daniel Finnbogason, Dino Krause, Luís Martínez Lorenzo, and Nanar Hawach focus on a core set of questions: What can civilians, who oppose the jihadists' attempt to rule them, do to manifest their dissent? To what extent are civilians engaging in acts of resistance against jihadist rebel rule and what does such resistance look like? Does it matter, and can it in any way influence the trajectories of jihadist proto-states? New military and political realities in Iraq and Syria have opened up the possibility to generate new knowledge in areas where the IS has been pushed back. The authors draw from a novel survey on civil resistance against the IS in Mosul after the IS lost control of the city. This survey--the first of its kind--concentrates on the extent and character of resistance behavior against the IS. The authors also utilize contemporary Arab-language social media blogs and news websites in order to document protests against jihadists in Syria, and they also draw on interviews with activists and civilian in Syria and Lebanon who have lived under rule of jihadist groups. Importantly, they show that the international character of jihadist groups are often perceived as alien to local customs, thereby triggering resistance. Given the events of the recent past and the potential resurgence of such groups, this book is a valuable intervention that not only shows us how jihadists rule, but provides the best explanation yet of how ordinary people resist jihadist totalitarianism.

Jihad and the West

Jihad and the West

Author: Mark Silinsky

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253027207

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 289

U.S. Department of Defense analyst Mark Silinsky reveals the origins of the Islamic State's sinister obsession with the Western world. Once considered a minor irritant in the international system, the Caliphate is now a dynamic and significant actor on the worlds stage, boasting more than 30,000 foreign fighters from 86 countries. Recruits consist not only of Middle-Eastern-born citizens, but also a staggering number of "Blue-Eyed Jihadists," Westerners who leave their country to join the radical sect. Silinsky provides a detailed and chilling explanation of the appeal of the Islamic State and how those abroad become radicalized, while also analyzing the historical origins, inner workings, and horrific toll of the Caliphate. By documenting the true stories of men, women, and children whose lives have been destroyed by the radical group, Jihad and the West presents the human face of the thousands who have been kidnapped, raped, tortured, and murdered by the Islamic State, including Kayla Mueller, who was kidnapped, given to the Caliphates leader as a sex slave, and ultimately killed.

Caliphate Redefined

Caliphate Redefined

Author: Hüseyin Yılmaz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400888047

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 913

How the Ottomans refashioned and legitimated their rule through mystical imageries of authority The medieval theory of the caliphate, epitomized by the Abbasids (750–1258), was the construct of jurists who conceived it as a contractual leadership of the Muslim community in succession to the Prophet Muhammed’s political authority. In this book, Hüseyin Yılmaz traces how a new conception of the caliphate emerged under the Ottomans, who redefined the caliph as at once a ruler, a spiritual guide, and a lawmaker corresponding to the prophet’s three natures. Challenging conventional narratives that portray the Ottoman caliphate as a fading relic of medieval Islamic law, Yılmaz offers a novel interpretation of authority, sovereignty, and imperial ideology by examining how Ottoman political discourse led to the mystification of Muslim political ideals and redefined the caliphate. He illuminates how Ottoman Sufis reimagined the caliphate as a manifestation and extension of cosmic divine governance. The Ottoman Empire arose in Western Anatolia and the Balkans, where charismatic Sufi leaders were perceived to be God’s deputies on earth. Yılmaz traces how Ottoman rulers, in alliance with an increasingly powerful Sufi establishment, continuously refashioned and legitimated their rule through mystical imageries of authority, and how the caliphate itself reemerged as a moral paradigm that shaped early modern Muslim empires. A masterful work of scholarship, Caliphate Redefined is the first comprehensive study of premodern Ottoman political thought to offer an extensive analysis of a wealth of previously unstudied texts in Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Turkish.

Islamic State

Islamic State

Author: Abdel Bari Atwan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520289284

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 971

Islamic State (also known as ISIS, ISIL, and Daesh) stunned the world when it overran an area the size of Great Britain on both sides of the Iraq-Syria border in a matter of weeks and proclaimed the birth of a new Caliphate. In this timely and important book, Abdel Bari Atwan draws on his unrivaled knowledge of the global jihadi movement and Middle Eastern geopolitics to reveal the origins and modus operandi of Islamic State. Based on extensive field research and exclusive interviews with IS insiders, Islamic State outlines the group's leadership structure, as well as its strategies, tactics, and diverse methods of recruitment. Atwan traces the Salafi-jihadi lineage of IS, its ideological differences with al Qaeda and the deadly rivalry that has emerged between their leaders. He also shows how the group's rapid growth has been facilitated by its masterful command of social media platforms, the "dark web," Hollywood blockbuster-style videos, and even jihadi computer games, producing a powerful paradox where the ambitions of the Middle Ages have reemerged in cyberspace. As Islamic State continues to dominate the world's media headlines with horrific acts of ruthless violence, Atwan considers the movement's chances of survival and expansion and offers indispensable insights on potential government responses to contain the IS threat.